Proceedings of The 3rd Africa Diabetes Congress, Yaounde, Cameroon (Yaounde, 2017)

Oral presentation

Planning a programme for healthy living through schools in Kenya

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Aug 2017; 2(2): 10. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2017.2.10.24

Submitted: 18 Aug 17   Accepted: 22 Aug 17   Published: 30 Aug 17

Key words: Non communicable diseases, healthy living, schools, Kenya

© Catherine Wambui Karekezi et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2017/2/10/abstract

Corresponding author: Catherine Wambui Karekezi, Kenya Diabetes Management and Information Centre, Nairobi, Kenya (catherinekarekezi@yahoo.co.uk)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of The 3rd Africa Diabetes Congress, Yaounde, Cameroon(CAMEROON, )

Untitled Document

Planning a programme for healthy living through schools in Kenya

Catherine Wambui Karekezi1,&, Jens Aagaard-Hansen2, Sara Muthoni Irungu1, Isabella Musyoka-Kamere3, James Elijah Otiende3

 

1Kenya Diabetes Management and Information Centre, Nairobi, Kenya, 2Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Niels Steensens Vej 62820 Gentofte Denmark, Denmark, 3Educational Foundations Department, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya

 

 

&Corresponding author
Catherine Wambui Karekezi, Kenya Diabetes Management and Information Centre, Nairobi, Kenya

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: health promotion plays a key role in averting type 2 diabetes (T2D) and related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by empowering communities on healthy living and risk factor management. However, many low- and middle-income countries are still focused on infectious diseases. This paper outlines the design of an on-going project aimed at using primary school pupils and teachers as behaviour change agents in their communities to promote healthy living for primary prevention of NCDs in Kenya.

 

Methods: the project addresses modifiable risk factors for T2D and related NCDs such as healthy diets and physical activity as key variables for healthy living. It comprises of three phases: 1) an initial explorative intervention development in four schools; 2) an iterative cycle scaling up and including another 12 schools representing national diversity; and 3) development of a model for a school health programme to be disseminated nationally. The project adopts a whole school approach targeting pupils, teachers, parents, school management, community members, and relevant education and health authorities. Each phase is coupled with monitoring, evaluation and documentation of lessons learnt. The protocol adopts a participatory, pupil-centred approach to raise diabetes and related NCDs awareness among pupils and adults. Class 5 pupils, aged 10 to 12 years, and their teachers are trained as peer educators and trainers of trainers, respectively.

 

Results: results from this intervention will contribute to the development of a feasible and sustainable Kenyan educational school health promotion model addressing primary prevention of T2D and related NCDs. It is anticipated that such a model can be adapted for use in other low- and middle-income countries in the region. Expected outputs from this intervention are increased knowledge, action competence and health promotion capacity among pupils and teachers. Additionally, increased awareness of the role of healthy lifestyles in the prevention of T2D and related NCDs should motivate adoption of healthy practices by those reached by the project.

 

Conclusion: this school-mediated programme that promotes healthy living is expected to contribute to curbing the increase of T2D and related NCDs in Kenya in present and future generations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 3rd Africa Diabetes Congress, Yaounde, Cameroon (Yaounde)

Country: CAMEROON

Dates: 19 Apr 17 - 22 Apr 17

Venue: Yaounde Congress Hall

Organizers: Africa Diabetes Congress Limited

Secretariat: secretariat@africadiabetescongress.com

Contact person: Prof. Jean Claude Mbanya (jcmbanya@yahoo.co.uk)