What is the cost of the treatment of the diabetic retinopathy by Argon laser in Yaoundé?
Godefroy Koki1,&, Emilienne Epée1, Gaelle Helles1, Yannick Bilong1, Aandin Viola Dohvoma1, Prisca Biangoup1, Stéphane Bimbaï1, André Omgbwa Eballé1, Lucienne Bella Assumpta1, Côme Ebana Mvogo1
1Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
Godefroy Koki, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
the aim was to evaluate the total cost of treatment of diabetic retinopathy by argon laser for a patient when indicated.
prospective cross-sectional and descriptive survey, carried out in the angiography center of the Yaoundé Central Hospital from October 2014 to October 2015. All diabetic patients with retinopathy and suitable indication for argon laser treatment were included consecutively. The costs related to the initial and final AGF, the appointment for follow up, the treatment, return fares for transport to the place of residence and the cost of laser treatment.
included were 43 (13%) patients out of 330 with diabetic retinopathy. The mean age was of 5.67 ± 8.40 years. Housewives, homemakers were the most represented group with 15 (34.9%) case followed of 13 (30.2%) group of retired one. Twenty seven patients (62.8%) patients were self-sponsored for all their expenses. In average the total expenditure was of 86002 ± 67197 F CFA per eye corresponding to 132 ± 102 euros. The cost of the treatment of the diabetic retinopathy by argon laser is high, increased by the additional cost related to transport.
the creation of satellites centers in the 10 regions of Cameroun would reduce these costs.