Proceedings of The 3rd Africa Diabetes Congress, Yaounde, Cameroon (Yaounde, 2017)

Oral presentation

Nutritional status and oral health of elderly patients with diabetes

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Sep 2017; 2(2): 25. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2017.2.25.57

Submitted: 05 Sep 17   Accepted: 05 Sep 17   Published: 05 Sep 17

Key words: Nutritional status, oral health, elderly diabetic

© Azumesi Nguni Forchin et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2017/2/25/abstract

Corresponding author: Azumesi Nguni Forchin, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon (ukforchin2014@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of The 3rd Africa Diabetes Congress, Yaounde, Cameroon(CAMEROON, )

Untitled Document

Nutritional status and oral health of elderly patients with diabetes

Azumesi Nguni Forchin1,&, Jean-Claude Njabou Katte2, André Michel Bimbai3, Blandine Messang1, Claire Tatnkam4, Clément Ewo5, Michael Agbor6, Mesmin Dehayem7, Eugène Sobngwi7,

 

1Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon, 2Department of Public Health, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaoundé, Cameroon, 3Health of Population in Transition (HoPiT) Research group, Yaounde, Cameroon, 4Université des montagnes, Bangangté, Cameroon, 5Dentistry Service, Central Hospital of Yaounde, Yaounde, Cameroon, 6Department of Dentistry, Université des Montagnes, Banganté, Cameroon, 7Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde 1, Cameroon

 

 

&Corresponding author
Azumesi Nguni Forchin, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: oral health is a prerequisite for a good chewing function, which may have an impact on food choices and nutritional well-being. Thus this study was carried out to evaluate the association between oral health and the nutritional studies of elderly patients with diabetes in the Yaoundé Central Hospital.

 

Methods: we carried out a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study at the National Obesity Centre of the Yaoundé Central hospital. We included consecutively 90 elderly patients with diabetes (60 years and above). We assessed their oral health by carrying out a complete oral examination and a subjective oral health assessment of the participants was also carried out. We then assessed the nutritional status of participants using anthropometric parameters, Mini nutritional assessment (MNA) and fasting serum albumin concentrations.

 

Results: ninety participants (60 females and 30 males) aged 66.9 ± 6.1 years were included in our study. With 37% of our participants haven been known diabetic for more than 10 years. Severe and moderate periodontitis was observed in 56(62.2%) and 29(32.2%) of our participants respectively. At least a decay tooth was present in the mouth of 70(77.8%) of our participants. Half 45((50.0%) of our participants declared to be unsatisfied with their oral health, 52(57.8%) limit their food choice because of their oral health. Using the percentage total body fat, 19(63.3%) men and 11(36.7%) women were underweight. The mean BMI of the study population was 27.6 ± 5.26. Seventeen (18.9%) of our participants were malnourished, 70(77.8%) at risk of malnutrition. Mean serum albumin concentration was 29.4 ± 2.2g/l. There was a statistical significance between CPI severity and serum albumin levels of our participants (P value = 0.02) and also between remaining natural teeth and MNA score (P value = 0.001).

 

Conclusion: oral health problems were frequent in our study population, all our participants had moderate to severe periodontitis with some to the extent of edentulism. We found a strong relation between the severity of periodontitis, number of remaining natural teeth and the nutritional status of our study participants.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 3rd Africa Diabetes Congress, Yaounde, Cameroon (Yaounde)

Country: CAMEROON

Dates: 19 Apr 17 - 22 Apr 17

Venue: Yaounde Congress Hall

Organizers: Africa Diabetes Congress Limited

Secretariat: secretariat@africadiabetescongress.com

Contact person: Prof. Jean Claude Mbanya (jcmbanya@yahoo.co.uk)