Proceedings of The 3rd Africa Diabetes Congress, Yaounde, Cameroon (Yaounde, 2017)

Oral presentation

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Sep 2017; 2(2): 29. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2017.2.29.63

Submitted: 05 Sep 17   Accepted: 05 Sep 17   Published: 05 Sep 17

Key words: Diabetes, diabetic retinopathy, prevalence

© Violet Dohvoma et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2017/2/29/abstract

Corresponding author: Violet Dohvoma, Yaounde Central Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon (andinv@gmail.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of The 3rd Africa Diabetes Congress, Yaounde, Cameroon(CAMEROON, )

Untitled Document

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy following a hospital based screening of diabetic patients at the Yaoundé Central Hospital

Violet Dohvoma1,&, Godefroy Koki2, Emilienne Epée3, Côme Ebana Mvogo3

 

1Yaounde Central Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon, 2Yaounde Military Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon, 3Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon

 

 

&Corresponding author
Violet Dohvoma, Yaounde Central Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: the purpose was to determine the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) following screening in diabetic patients.

 

Methods: this was a cross-sectional study in which consenting diabetic patients were screened for diabetic retinopathy, on the occasion of the world diabetes day 2016. Data collected included age, sex, duration of diabetes, type of diabetes, glycated haemoglobin values, visual acuity, intraocular pressure and the presence of DR on dilated fundus examination. Fluorescein angiography was done for grading.

 

Results: we included 82 patients of whom 69.5% were females. The mean age was 56.5 ± 15.4 years. Type 2 diabetic patients made up 91.5% of the cases. The mean duration of diabetes was 7.3 ± 6.5 years. Thirty five percent had never had an eye examination before. Eleven patients (13.4%) were found to have diabetic retinopathy on fundoscopy.

 

Conclusion: though the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was low,thirty five percent of known diabetics had never had their eyes examined for ocular complications. Patient awareness and physician coordination should be emphasized to increase the eye examination rate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 3rd Africa Diabetes Congress, Yaounde, Cameroon (Yaounde)

Country: CAMEROON

Dates: 19 Apr 17 - 22 Apr 17

Venue: Yaounde Congress Hall

Organizers: Africa Diabetes Congress Limited

Secretariat: secretariat@africadiabetescongress.com

Contact person: Prof. Jean Claude Mbanya (jcmbanya@yahoo.co.uk)