Risk factors of type 2 diabetes among Mbororo population of Guiwa-Yangamo village in the East-Cameroon
Judith Maka1,&, Clément Kufe1, Félix Assah1, Jean-Claude Mbanya1
1Health of Population in Transition Research Group, Cameroon
Judith Maka, Health of Population in Transition Research Group, Cameroon
in 2013, Diabetes affected 382 million people in the World and about 5 million deaths between 20-79 years old. Rising prevalence due to lifestyle changes, disproportionate increase of type 2 diabetes in disadvantaged groups are known. This study wanted to provide needed data on the prevalence and risk factors among Mbororo indigenous in Guiwa-Yangamo, village in the East-Cameroon.
we conducted a cross-sectional study using a WHO "STEPSwise" approach questionnaire. Data were collected from 261 Mbororos among 682 adults and analyzed with STATA 11.2. A logistic regression was used in order to identify risk factors of type 2 diabetes. P-value < 0.05.
the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose: 21.7 % (n = 249), More women
than men are at risk of developing diabetes if nothing is done. The prevalence
of type 2 diabetes: 2.3% (n = 260), is less than 12.0% reported in the "Aborigenes" population
in Australia, means that further studies are needed to elucidate some specificities.
Among all diabetics found, 83.3% have never been to school, 50.0% were newly
diagnosed. Among the known diabetics, 33.3% was on some sort of treatment.
Risk factors like: Advanced age (OR : 12,31; CI: [1.04-145,64]; p = 0.046,
Overweight (OR :6.61; CI: [6.61-6.62]; p < 0.001), Low physical activity (OR:
1.86; CI: [1.58-2.19]; p = 0.004), high blood pressure (OR: 10.13; CI: [1.06-96.11];
p = 0.047), addition of sugar to tea/coffee (OR: 2.71; CI: [2.11-3.49];
p = 0.003) were associated with diabetes. This addition of sugar to tea/coffee
the ignorance of the Mboboro’s population.
type 2 diabetes is common in this indigenous Mbororo village. Prevention strategies should be implemented to promote education, screening, monitoring and control of risk factors of type 2 diabètes in this community.