Proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra, 2017)

Oral presentation

Trends of measles cases and vaccination status - Eenhana, Namibia, 2012-2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Oct 2017; 3(3): 100. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2017.3.100.210

Submitted: 10 Oct 17   Accepted: 10 Oct 17   Published: 29 Oct 17

Key words: Measles, vaccination, cross-sectional study

© Loide Ndimulunde et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2017/3/100/abstract

Corresponding author: Kofi Nyarko, Namibia Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Windhoek, Namibia (konyarko22@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (GHANA, )

Trends of measles cases and vaccination status - Eenhana, Namibia, 2012-2016

Loide Ndimulunde1, Kofi Nyarko1,&

 

1Namibia Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Windhoek, Namibia

 

 

&Corresponding author
Kofi Nyarko, Namibia Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Windhoek, Namibia

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: measles is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus. It typically begins with high fever, cough, runny nose, and red, watery eyes. Globally, measles is a major public health concern especially to under 5 years and pregnant woman. Namibia is one of the countries in Africa that have and still experiencing Measles outbreaks. Eenhana District in Namibia have been having high measles vaccine coverage but still experience outbreaks. The aim of this study is to describe the trend of measles cases in Eenhana district in relation to vaccine coverage.

 

Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted focusing on the year 2012-2016 by comparing developing measles among those that were vaccinated and among the unvaccinated, with the study population of 58865. Data was analyzed using Epi-Info (standard 2 by 2 tables) comparing the odds ratio in the two groups. The annual measles vaccination coverage was also revived per year as from 2012-2016.

 

Results: the data per year shows 2012: 16 suspect, 9 vaccinated and zero confirmed IgM positive with annual vaccination coverage of 98%. In 2013: 32 suspected, 9 vaccinated, 4 confirmed IgM positive with coverage of 102%. In 2014: 166 suspected, 23 vaccinated, 57 confirmed IgM positive with vaccination coverage of 106%. In 2015: 55 suspected, 23 vaccinated, 0 confirmed IgM positive with coverage of 103%. In 2016: 8 suspected, 4 vaccinate, I confirmed IgM positive with coverage of 119%. The overall odd ratio in unvaccinated is 0.61.

 

Conclusion: measles cases in Eenhana district has mostly affected the children among the age group of under 5 years. People with unvaccinated status was the foremost risk factor. Continuation of routine childhood immunization especially to areas with recurrent measles transmission to improve vaccination coverage in order to increase herd immunity and all reports of suspected measles cases should be investigated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)

Country: GHANA

Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17

Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels

Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gfeltp@gmail.com

Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (ernest_kenu@yahoo.com)