Epidemiological profile of rubella in Angola, from 2010 to 2015
Raidel de Jesus1,&, Paula da Paixao1, Moises Francisco1, Filomena Da Silva1, Pires Joao1
1Angola FELTP, Luanda, Angola
Raidel de Jesus, Angola FETP, Luanda, Angola
rubella is an infectious exanthematous disease caused by a virus of the rubivirus genus of the togoviridae family. In Angola, Rubella is not part of the schedule of routine vaccination in health units; no vaccination strategy against the disease has been implemented in women of childbearing age. This study is carried out to know the epidemiological profile of Rubella in Angola.
a retrospective descriptive study using secondary data from the National
Institute of Public Health database from January 2010 to December 2015 was performed.
For each patient a volume of 4ml of blood was collected through venipuncture
and siliconized vacutainer tube with inert and activated separator, containing
no anticoagulant. IgM antibody tests against rubella virus were performed by
ELISA with Enzygnost/TBM reagent kits for the detection of specific IgM antibodies
against rubella virus in human serum and plasma.
a total of 4321 suspected cases of exanthematous disease had samples collected and processed by the National Reference Laboratory, of which 552 were positive for rubella, 2006 were positive for measles and 1763 were negative. In 2015, there were 242 cases (44%), followed by 201 (139%), where 298 were female and 254 were male. The most affected age group was 15 (22%), followed by the age group of 10-14 years old with 114 (20%), with regard to notification by provinces, all registered cases, but the one that most reported was Luanda with 191 (25%) followed of Cuanza Sul with 88 (11%).
women of childbearing age are at risk of contracting the infection, the disease endemic in the country and every year there have been outbreaks. Efforts should me made nationally to establish comprehensive public health policies to introduce rubella-containing vaccines as recommended by WHO.
1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)
Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17
Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels
Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (email@example.com)