Proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra, 2017)

Oral presentation

Evaluation of the measles surveillance system at Ga East Municipality (GEM), 2015

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Oct 2017; 3(3): 103. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2017.3.103.239

Submitted: 11 Oct 17   Accepted: 11 Oct 17   Published: 29 Oct 17

Key words: Measles, immunization, disease surveillance, district health information management system (DHIMS)

© Ernest Konadu Asiedu et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2017/3/103/abstract

Corresponding author: Ernest Konadu Asiedu, Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Accra, Ghana (ernestkasiedu@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (GHANA, )

Evaluation of the measles surveillance system at Ga East Municipality (GEM), 2015

Ernest Konadu Asiedu1,&, Edwin Afari1, Donne Ameme1, Samuel Sackey1, Kofi Nyarko2

 

1Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Accra, Ghana, 2Namibia FELTP, Namibia

 

 

&Corresponding author
Ernest Konadu Asiedu, Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Accra, Ghana

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: measles, a viral disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality especially among children globally. Ghana recorded 464 confirmed cases but no mortality between 2005 and 2011. Though an epidemic prone disease earmarked for elimination, is vaccine preventable. The key preventive and control measures are immunization and disease surveillance. The evaluation was done to detect whether the surveillance system was meeting its objectives and to assess its attributes.

 

Methods: we observed and interviewed stakeholders using a semi-structured interview questionnaire adapted from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) policy document (2006). We reviewed facility data bases or reporting forms, case based forms (CBF), and morbidity data from District Health Information Management System (DHIMS), weekly and monthly IDSR forms between 2010 and 2014 in and the storage facilities. Data were collected on the attributes of the surveillance system.

 

Results: the case definition was clear and simple with the measles surveillance system well integrated, flexible, acceptable, sensitive, representative but somewhat complex. There were clear flow of information with laboratory support. Surveillance is contributing to prevention and control measures. PVP was 1% as confirmed cases from the laboratory. The system is able to detect cases and investigate outbreaks, monitor the disease incidence and vaccination programs. However, there were challenges with stability, data quality in completeness and timeliness especially with private facilities.

 

Conclusion: the measles surveillance system is partially achieving its objectives. The health directorate should use the data and surveillance officers to bridge the gap between clinical and public health activities especially the private facilities and encourage them to participate in public health activities within the municipality including disease surveillance activities. Improve feedback to all levels. The Health Facilities Regulatory Agency should re-look at the human resource requirements to include data managers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)

Country: GHANA

Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17

Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels

Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gfeltp@gmail.com

Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (ernest_kenu@yahoo.com)