Analysis of teenage pregnancy data, Sunyani West District, 2011 - 2015
Charlotte Kesewaa Adu-Gyamfi1,&, Gideon Kye-Duodu2, Charles Lwanga Noora2
1Ghana Health Service, Brong Ahafo, Ghana, 2Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana
Charlotte Kesewaa Adu-Gyamfi, Ghana Health Service, Brong Ahafo, Ghana
in 2015, statistics from Ghana Health Service indicated that Brong Ahafo Region recorded 12,492 adolescent pregnancies (14.2% of pregnancies), while Sunyani West District (SWD) recorded of 431 (14.8%). This study analyzed adolescent pregnancy data in Sunyani West District from 2011 to 2015 to determine the proportion and trend of teenage pregnancy by age and sub district.
descriptive data analysis was conducted on adolescent pregnancy data in the SWD from 2011 to 2015. Data were obtained from the District Health Information Management System Two (DHIMS 2) of Sunyani West District. Study population was pregnant adolescents attending ante-natal clinics and delivery service. Variables used were age, year, pregnancy, delivery and Sub-district. The data were compiled manually by tally technique and transformed into tables and charts according to the frequencies and percentages by a means of computer.
a total of 2,189 pregnant adolescents were recorded in Sunyani west from
January 2011 to December 2015. Of these, 1013 adolescents delivered. The median
age was 17 years. The 15-19 year olds were the most affected, recording 2,140
(97.36%) of 2,189. The study indicated a decrease of 19.61% (431) in ANC attendants
and an increase of 22.41% (227) in deliveries for the year 2015. Chiraa sub-district
recorded the highest cases 710 (32.30%) followed by Nsoatre with 649 (29.53%),
Odumasae-Kwatire with 626 (28.48%), Fiapre with 123 (6.03%) and Bofourkrom with
the study found a high rate of teenage pregnancy in the district among the
age groups. Majority, 97.36% (2,140) of adolescent pregnancies were within the
15-19 years age cohort. Chiraa sub-district saw the most cases; 32.30% (710).
Sex education incorporated into school curriculum by the GES in collaboration
with the GHS would help reduce the number of adolescent pregnancies in the district.
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