Secondary data analysis of diarrhoea surveillance data in Sunyani West District, Ghana, 2016
Jane Addae-Kyereme1,&, Ebenezer Kofi Menash2
1Ghana Health Service, Ghana, 2Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana
Jane Addae-Kyereme, Ghana Health Service, Ghana
globally, there are nearly 1.7 billion cases of diarrhoea disease every year. In Ghana, diarrhoea disease accounts for about 3% of all OPD cases; and out of this 45.5% are children less than 5 years old. Diarrhoea surveillance data has not been analyzed in the Sunyani West District. We therefore analyzed diarrhoea surveillance data to assess its magnitude and distribution in the Sunyani West District from 2011 to 2015.
we conducted a review of 2011-2015 diarrhoea data generated by the District Health Information Office. Diarrhoea dataset was extracted from the District Health Information Management System 2 (DHIMS2) database. Data was managed and analyzed using MS Excel. We calculated diarrhoea threshold. Univariate analyses were expressed as frequencies and proportions.
we identified 40,494 diarrhoea cases. Diarrhoea threshold revealed possible
missed diarrhoea outbreaks in October 2011, July 2012 and May 2014. Higher proportion,
14,716 (36.3%) of diarrhoea occurred among children under 5 years. Females recorded
the highest, 23,648 (58.4%) number of diarrhoea cases. Majority, 13,808 (34.1%)
of diarrhoea cases came from Odumase/Kwatire sub-district.
there incidence of diarrhoea among children under 5 years is high. Females are at high risk of diarrhoea. Three possible outbreaks of diarrhoea disease were not detected. Multi-dimensional programs are needed to prevent the high incidence of diarrhoea in the district.
1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)
Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17
Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels
Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (firstname.lastname@example.org)