Proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra, 2017)

Oral presentation

Health workers knowledge, attitude and practice during Lassa Fever outbreak, Anambra State, Nigeria, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Oct 2017; 3(3): 22. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2017.3.22.128

Submitted: 05 Oct 17   Accepted: 09 Oct 17   Published: 16 Oct 17

Key words: Lassa fever, Nigeria, knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP)

© Obagha Chijioke et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2017/3/22/abstract

Corresponding author: Obagha Chijikoe, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Abuja, Nigeria (cobagha@gmail.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (GHANA, )

Health workers knowledge, attitude and practice during Lassa Fever outbreak, Anambra State, Nigeria, 2016

Obagha Chijioke1,&, Simeon Ajisegiri1, Belinda Uba1, Saheed Gidado1, Patrick Nguku1, Franklin Onwokwu1

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Obagha Chijikoe, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: Lassa fever (LF) is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever caused by Lassa fever virus (LVF), Asymptomatic in 80% of cases; Lassa fever is associated with bleeding and multiple organ failure. It is endemic in West Africa and Nigeria has been having severe outbreaks since 2014. On 18th August 2016, a patient was referred to a teaching hospital in the State with bleeding from orifices, hematuria, and bleeding from puncture sites. Lassa fever was confirmed post mortem. This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitude and practice among health workers.

 

Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study among health workers in Anambra State. We assessed KAP using self-administered questionnaire and multistage sampling technique was employed. KAP score was computed using 12, 10 and 9 item questions respectively. Each item was assigned: 1 for correct Knowledge and 0 for incorrect knowledge. KAP was classified as good if > 75%, fair if > 50%, poor if < 50%. Chi-square with a significance level set at 5% was used to measure degree of significance of the association.

 

Results: a total of 128 health workers were interviewed of which 109 (86.51%) were females, 2% clinicians, 34% nurses, 50% community health extension workers, others 14%. Only 10% were able to give the case definition of LF, 21% were able to mention drug of choice,10% knew the reservoir for the virus and only 4.7% could properly describe hand washing.15.6% had good, 32.8% fair and 51.6% poor knowledge. 75.8% had good, 20.3% fair and 4.7% poor attitude. 30.5% had good, 57% fair and 12.5% poor practice. Having attended any training / sensitization and duration of employment were associated with having good knowledge (x2 = 10.6, P = 0.005 and X2 = 32.7, P = < 0.0001 respectively). Duration of employment was also associated with good practice (X2 = 14.55, P = < 0.0001).

 

Conclusion: overall knowledge and practice was very poor but attitude was good. We sensitized health workers in the State.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)

Country: GHANA

Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17

Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels

Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gfeltp@gmail.com

Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (ernest_kenu@yahoo.com)