Proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra, 2017)

Oral presentation

Antibiotic susceptibility pattern for bacteria pathogens isolated in urinary tract infection, Tamale, Ghana, 2017

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Oct 2017; 3(3): 43. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2017.3.43.141

Submitted: 06 Oct 17   Accepted: 09 Oct 17   Published: 19 Oct 17

Key words: Urinary tract infection, antibiotic susceptibility, laboratory data

© Gyesi Razak Issahaku et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2017/3/43/abstract

Corresponding author: Gyesi Razak Isshaku, Ghana-Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana Health Service, Ghana (gyesi2g3@gmail.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (GHANA, )

Antibiotic susceptibility pattern for bacteria pathogens isolated in urinary tract infection, Tamale, Ghana, 2017

Gyesi Razak Issahaku1,2,&, Aaron Naah-Sabie2, Amin Iddrisu Kpani2, Donne Ameme1, Ernest Kenu1, Samuel Oko Sackey1, Priscillia Nortey1, Edwin Andrew Afari1

 

1Ghana-Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana, 2Ghana Health Service, Ghana

 

 

&Corresponding author
Gyesi Razak Isshaku, Ghana-Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana Health Service, Ghana

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: urinary tract infection (UTI) has become a treatment burden on clinicians despite the widespread availability of antibiotics. Though it is one of the commonest conditions encountered in the hospitals, the appearance of pathogens with growing resistance to a majority of antimicrobial agents has become a common occurrence. This study aimed at determining the common bacterial isolates and the antibiotic susceptibility patterns in patients presenting with Urinary Tract Infection in the Tamale metropolis.

 

Methods: we abstracted and reviewed laboratory data from October 2016 to June 2017. We analyzed the data descriptively into frequencies and percentages as well as the median for continuous data. We analyzed the data using Microsoft Excel 2013 and Epi Info 7.

 

Results: a total of 1,006 cases of suspected urinary tract infection was reported within the period, 514 (51.09%) were males, and 154 (15.31%) were aged five years and below. The median age of the patients was 28 years (IQR 19 98 years). The prevalence of culture positive UTI in this population was 212 (21.07%) of which 185 (87.26%) grew gram-negative organisms. Escherichia coli was the most common organism; isolated from 53 (25%) patients with positive UTI cultures. It showed 29 (54.72%) sensitivity to Amikacin and 35 (66.04%) and 27 (50.94%) resistance to tetracycline and ciprofloxacin respectively. The predominant gram-positive organism isolated was Staphylococcus aureus isolated from 16 (7.55%) positive UTI cultures and showed 12 (57.14%) sensitivity to gentamicin.

 

Conclusion: gram-negative organisms were the commonest blood culture isolates from suspected UTI patients. Escherichia coli was the predominant isolate. There was high bacteria antibiotic resistance to tetracycline and ciprofloxacin. We recommended a review of tetracycline and ciprofloxacin as first-line drugs for the treatment of urinary tract infection.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)

Country: GHANA

Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17

Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels

Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gfeltp@gmail.com

Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (ernest_kenu@yahoo.com)