Antibiotic susceptibility pattern for bacteria pathogens isolated in urinary
tract infection, Tamale, Ghana, 2017
Gyesi Razak Issahaku1,2,&, Aaron Naah-Sabie2, Amin Iddrisu Kpani2, Donne Ameme1, Ernest Kenu1, Samuel Oko Sackey1, Priscillia Nortey1, Edwin Andrew Afari1
1Ghana-Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana, 2Ghana Health Service, Ghana
Gyesi Razak Isshaku, Ghana-Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana Health Service, Ghana
urinary tract infection (UTI) has become a treatment burden on clinicians
despite the widespread availability of antibiotics. Though it is one of the
commonest conditions encountered in the hospitals, the appearance of pathogens
with growing resistance to a majority of antimicrobial agents has become
a common occurrence. This study aimed at determining the common bacterial isolates
the antibiotic susceptibility patterns in patients presenting with Urinary
Tract Infection in the Tamale metropolis.
we abstracted and reviewed laboratory data from October 2016 to June 2017. We analyzed the data descriptively into frequencies and percentages as well as the median for continuous data. We analyzed the data using Microsoft Excel 2013 and Epi Info 7.
a total of 1,006 cases of suspected urinary tract infection was reported
within the period, 514 (51.09%) were males, and 154 (15.31%) were aged five
years and below. The median age of the patients was 28 years (IQR 19 98 years).
The prevalence of culture positive UTI in this population was 212 (21.07%)
of which 185 (87.26%) grew gram-negative organisms. Escherichia coli was
common organism; isolated from 53 (25%) patients with positive UTI cultures.
It showed 29 (54.72%) sensitivity to Amikacin and 35 (66.04%) and 27 (50.94%)
resistance to tetracycline and ciprofloxacin respectively. The predominant
gram-positive organism isolated was Staphylococcus aureus isolated from 16
UTI cultures and showed 12 (57.14%) sensitivity to gentamicin.
gram-negative organisms were the commonest blood culture isolates from suspected
UTI patients. Escherichia coli was the predominant isolate. There was
high bacteria antibiotic resistance to tetracycline and ciprofloxacin. We
recommended a review of tetracycline and ciprofloxacin as first-line drugs
for the treatment
of urinary tract infection.
1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)
Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17
Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels
Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (email@example.com)