Proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra, 2017)

Oral presentation

Analysis of typhoid fever surveillance data, Cape Coast Metropolis, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Oct 2017; 3(3): 49. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2017.3.49.203

Submitted: 09 Oct 17   Accepted: 09 Oct 17   Published: 21 Oct 17

Key words: Typhoid fever, Cape Coast Metropolis of Ghana, urban area

© Cynthia Sekubia Asamoah et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2017/3/49/abstract

Corresponding author: Cynthia Sekubia Asamoah, Ghana Health Service, Cape Coast, Ghana (ascinddy@gmail.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (GHANA, )

Analysis of typhoid fever surveillance data, Cape Coast Metropolis, 2016

Cynthia Sekubia Asamoah1,&, Ebenezer Kofi Mensah1

 

1Ghana Health Service, Cape Coast, Ghana

 

 

&Corresponding author
Cynthia Sekubia Asamoah, Ghana Health Service, Cape Coast, Ghana

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: typhoid fever is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality and also a serious public health concern, particularly in developing countries. Globally an estimated 22 million new cases of Typhoid fever occur every year. In most African countries, 10-100 cases/100,000 person/years occur with highest incidence among children. Central region recorded 27,447 new typhoid fever cases in 2015. We reviewed typhoid fever surveillance data to assess its magnitude and distribution in the Cape Coast Metropolis from 2011-2015.

 

Methods: we conducted secondary data analysis on typhoid fever in Cape Coast Metropolis. Data were obtained from the District Health Information Management System II (DHIMS 2) database. Data was managed and analyzed using MS Excel. We calculated threshold for typhoid fever. Univariate analyses were expressed as frequencies and proportions.

 

Results: highest typhoid fever cases occurred among the age-group 20-34 years with the lowest age-group being 0-4 years. Females had more cases than males throughout the 5 years. Urban areas report to health facilities whiles rural areas barely visit health facilities. Missed typhoid fever outbreaks occurred in October, 2012, August, 2013 and September, 2015.

 

Conclusion: the burden of typhoid fever cases is higher in urban areas than rural. Multi-dimensional programs by stake holders in health in Cape Coast Metropolis started to prevent the high incidence of typhoid fever in the Metropolis based on our recommendations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)

Country: GHANA

Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17

Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels

Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gfeltp@gmail.com

Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (ernest_kenu@yahoo.com)