Analysis of typhoid fever surveillance data, Cape Coast Metropolis, 2016
Cynthia Sekubia Asamoah1,&, Ebenezer Kofi Mensah1
1Ghana Health Service, Cape Coast, Ghana
Cynthia Sekubia Asamoah, Ghana Health Service, Cape Coast, Ghana
typhoid fever is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality and
also a serious public health concern, particularly in developing countries.
Globally an estimated 22 million new cases of Typhoid fever occur every year.
In most African countries, 10-100 cases/100,000 person/years occur with highest
incidence among children. Central region recorded 27,447 new typhoid fever
cases in 2015. We reviewed typhoid fever surveillance data to assess its
magnitude and distribution in the Cape Coast Metropolis from 2011-2015.
we conducted secondary data analysis on typhoid fever in Cape Coast Metropolis.
Data were obtained from the District Health Information Management System
II (DHIMS 2) database. Data was managed and analyzed using MS Excel. We
calculated threshold for typhoid fever. Univariate analyses were expressed
highest typhoid fever cases occurred among the age-group 20-34 years with
the lowest age-group being 0-4 years. Females had more cases than males throughout
the 5 years. Urban areas report to health facilities whiles rural areas barely
visit health facilities. Missed typhoid fever outbreaks occurred in October,
2012, August, 2013 and September, 2015.
the burden of typhoid fever cases is higher in urban areas than rural. Multi-dimensional
programs by stake holders in health in Cape Coast Metropolis started to prevent
the high incidence of typhoid fever in the Metropolis based on our recommendations.
1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)
Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17
Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels
Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (firstname.lastname@example.org)