Proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra, 2017)

Oral presentation

Outbreak of scabies among school pupils, Accra, Ghana, 2017

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Oct 2017; 3(3): 77. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2017.3.77.166

Submitted: 09 Oct 17   Accepted: 10 Oct 17   Published: 26 Oct 17

Key words: Scabies outbreak, basic school, school children

© Basil Benduri Kaburi et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2017/3/77/abstract

Corresponding author: Basil Benduri Kaburi, Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana (kbenduri@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (GHANA, )

Outbreak of scabies among school pupils, Accra, Ghana, 2017

Basil Benduri Kaburi1,&, George Adu Asumah1, Dora Dadzie1, Emmanuel Kwame Tender1, Smith Vincent Addeh1, Theophilus Aryee1, Donne Kofi Ameme1, Ernest Kenu1

 

1Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana

 

 

&Corresponding author
Basil Benduri Kaburi, Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: though ubiquitous, scabies presents a major public health threat to developing countries. Post-infective complications from secondary infections cause renal and cardiovascular morbidities. Globally, its prevalence varies from 0.3% to 46%; with an estimated 1.5 million years lived with disability. Its prevalence in Ghana is estimated at 5.1%. We report the findings of a scabies outbreak investigation among school children in Ghana that aimed at stopping the outbreak and instituting preventive measures to minimize the risk of future outbreaks.

 

Methods: between March 14 and May 17, 2017, we conducted an outbreak investigation of scabies in Presec Staff Basic School situated in an urban community in Accra. A case was defined as a schoolchild who on clinical examination, had an intensely pruritic rash on at least one typical predilection site with or without a burrow or positive skin scrapings on microscopy. We line listed cases and captured data which included socio-demographic and other risk factors, body parts affected and complications of scabies. We conducted an environmental assessment and performed descriptive statistics on the data.

 

Results: a total of 823 school children were screened. Overall attack rate was 11.2% (92/823). The attack rate among the nursery category was 25.1% (52/207). Their ages ranged from one to seven years; with a modal age of 3 years. Males affected were 51% and frequently affected body parts were: face (77.2%) and neck (54.3%). Nearly 10.0% of cases had pyoderma from secondary infection. Pupils sat close together in pairs and share sleeping mats.

 

Conclusion: a scabies outbreak affecting mostly children aged 3 years occurred in a basic school in Accra. We recommend avoidance of sharing of sleeping mats by school children. Benzyl benzoate mass treatment, disinfecting of classrooms and sleeping mats, and health education were done.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)

Country: GHANA

Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17

Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels

Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gfeltp@gmail.com

Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (ernest_kenu@yahoo.com)