Proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra, 2017)

Oral presentation

Isolation of uro-pathogenic bacteria and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in urine samples of patients with suspected urinary tract infection in Eastern Regional Hospital, Koforidua -Ghana, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Oct 2017; 3(3): 99. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2017.3.99.211

Submitted: 10 Oct 17   Accepted: 10 Oct 17   Published: 29 Oct 17

Key words: Urinary tract infection, antibiotics, susceptibility, sensitivity, Eastern Regional Hospital

© Baba Kunta Fofana et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2017/3/99/abstract

Corresponding author: Edward Francis Small Teaching Hospital Banjul, Banjul, Gambia| University of Ghana, School of Public Health, Ghana (bkfofana@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of 1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (GHANA, )

Isolation of uro-pathogenic bacteria and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in urine samples of patients with suspected urinary tract infection in Eastern Regional Hospital, Koforidua -Ghana, 2016

Baba Kunta Fofana1,2,&, Bismark Sarfo2

 

1Edward Francis Small Teaching Hospital Banjul, Banjul, Gambia, 2University of Ghana, School of Public Health, Ghana

 

 

&Corresponding author
Baba Kunta Fofona, Edward Francis Small Teaching Hospital Banjul, Banjul, Gambia, University of Ghana, School of Public Health, Ghana

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common bacterial infection known to affect the different parts of the urinary tract and the occurrence is found both in females and males. In uncomplicated UTI cases, the infection is easily treated with the course of antibiotic therapy, but there is high resistance to many of these antibiotics. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of Uro-pathogenic bacteria in urine samples of patients with suspected UTI at the Eastern Regional Hospital, Koforidua - Ghana.

 

Methods: this cross-sectional study was carried out at the Medical Microbiology Department of Eastern Regional Hospital, Koforidua‚, Ghana, over a three-month period (December 2015 to March 2016). A total of 422 urine samples were received for the investigations and the data entered into MS Excel 2-13. Univariable analysis was done for sex, age, distribution, yield and antibiotic susceptibility and the results displayed as proportions and percentages.

 

Results: in all, 422 urine samples were received and 22.5% (95/422) yielded uro-pathogens with the highest percentage yield in females, 79.0% (75/95) in whom all were between 32 years and 40 years. Of the 95 that yielded uro-pathogens, the commonest isolates were: E. coli 36 (37.9%) and Klebseilla spp. 33(34.7%). All the bacteria showed sensitivity to Amikacin and Nitrofurantoin, but resistance to Augmentin, Ampicillin, Co-trimoxazole and Gentamycin.

 

Conclusion: high level of bacterial resistance exist in the study area. Therefore, there is a need for regular local investigation and improved antibiotic stewardship.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme Scientific conference (Accra)

Country: GHANA

Dates: 18 Sep 17 - 21 Sep 17

Venue: Swiss Spirit and Suites Alisa Hotels

Organizers: Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gfeltp@gmail.com

Contact person: Dr. Ernest Kenu (ernest_kenu@yahoo.com)