Demography of dog butchers with associated practices and potentials for rabies exposure in Kaduna State, Nigeria
Solomon Audu1,&, Dan Adawa2, Albert Ogunkoya1
1Department of Veterinary Medecine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria, 2Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
Solomon Audu, Department of Veterinary Medecine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
rabies is endemic in Nigeria though often under reported. The virus has been reported in apparent healthy dogs slaughtered for human consumption without ante-mortem or post-mortem inspection. The saliva and brain tissue of rabid dogs have been documented to contain high concentration of rabies antigens.
eleven dog markets and slaughter areas in six Local Government Areas of Kaduna State, Nigeria, were selected for a cross sectional study, using convenience sampling method. Dog markets and premises where dogs were slaughtered on daily basis were selected for the study. Questionnaires were designed to elicit responses on demographic profile and practices off butchers. This was administered to 105 dog butchers who consented to participate in the study. Data were evaluated based on percentages using statistical package for social sciences software version 17.
most (98.1%, 103/105) of the butchers were males and aged between 21 - 40 years (90%). Some 6.8% (7/103) had tertiary education while 77.1% completed secondary school. Some 95.2% (100/105) of the butchers were once bitten by a dog and bite wounds were treated traditionally by application of pulled hairs of the biting dog on the bite wound. They all agreed they knew what rabies was, but butchering was often performed without precautionary measures against rabies.
high involvement of young unemployed and under-employed men in dog butchering business despite the potential risk of rabies exposure among dog meat processors who work without precautionary measures. There is need for awareness campaign about non-bite transmission risk of rabies exposure among occupationally engaged individuals.
The 2nd International Conference on Rabies in West Africa (RIWA) (Madina)
Rabies in West Africa, a forum to coordinate regular meeting among governments and stakeholders in one-health, was inaugurated in December, 2012 to link Anglophone and Francophone West African countries in the surveillance and control of rabies. It aims to disseminate progress reports on rabies surveillance and control activities in West Africa. Its first conference was jointly sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Health, Nigeria and the University of Ibadan Centre for Control and Prevention of Zoonoses. The 2nd conference was held concurrently with the 20th Congress of the Ghana Veterinary Medical Association. The scientific programme included 2 lead papers, 9 symposia and a roundtable discussion. The presented papers which focused on: (i) knowledge, attitude and practices among native community stakeholders; (ii) clinical detection and outbreak investigations; (iii) national laboratory diagnostic activities and vaccination records; (iv) wildlife infection study; and (v) spatial or spatio-temporal distribution of dog bite victims with suspected, probable and confirmed rabies exposures from three countries namely, Ghana (7); Nigeria (4) and Liberia (1). The conference gave consensus report that rabies has remained a neglected disease in West Africa and therefore deserves one-health approach for its control and prevention alongside a stepwise eradication in domestic dogs and humans.
Dates: 28 Oct 14 - 31 Oct 14
Venue: Institute of Local Government Studies
Organizers: The Society for Rabies in West Africa
Contact person: Professor Albert B. Ogunkoya (firstname.lastname@example.org)