Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Descriptive epidemiology of cerebrospinal meningitis Type C in Bodinga LGA, Sokoto State, Nigeria, April 2017

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Mar 2018; 8(8): 10. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.10.684

Submitted: 22 Jan 18   Accepted: 24 Jan 18   Published: 21 Mar 18

Key words: Cerebrospinal meningitis, outbreak, Sokoto, epidemiology

© Garba Mustapha et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/10/abstract

Corresponding author: Garba Mustapha, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (gmustapha20@gmail.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Descriptive epidemiology of cerebrospinal meningitis Type C in Bodinga LGA, Sokoto State, Nigeria, April 2017

Garba Mustapha1,&, Hassan Assad1, Yashe Usman2, Ramatu Abdu-Aguye1, Abdulmumini Kassim1, Galadima Abbas3, Bello Idris3, Ayanleke Halimatu4, Muhammad Balogun1

 

1Nigerian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria, 3Sokoto State Ministry of Health, Sokoto, Nigeria, 4African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Garba Mustapha, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: outbreaks of cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) have recurred in a cyclical fashion for the past 100 years in Africa. Surveillance data showed evidence of serogroup replacement of Neisseria meningitides A by serogroup C with series of outbreaks in 2013 through 2017. In Nigeria, outbreaks of CSM occur annually and 13,420 cases with 1,069 deaths were reported by the end of week 18, 2017. We investigated to describe CSM type C epidemic in Bodinga LGA.

 

Methods: we defined a suspected case as any person, resident in Bodinga LGA with fever, headache and neck stiffness from 26 March to 7 May. A confirmed case was a suspected case who was tested positive for Neisseria meningitides type C (NmC). We conducted active case search and reviewed medical records. Seventeen CSF specimens were collected and analyzed. Attack rates and case fatality rates were calculated.

 

Results: from surveillance data and active case search 356 suspected cases were recorded between 15 February and 7 May with seven deaths (CFR 2.0%). The index case was a 13 year old boy from Bangi Dabagi ward of Bodinga LGA and the epicurve depicts person to person transmission. One hundred and eighty six (52.2%) were males, mean age of cases was 14.9 years (SD 9.8). The 10-14 year age group were 112 (31.5%). All cases were unvaccinated, the attack rate increase by week with cumulative of 146.6/100,000 population. Five (29.4%) of 17 specimens tested positive to NmC.

 

Conclusion: there was an outbreak of CSM type C in Bodinga LGA and it affected all sexes and age group 10-14 years has highest cumulative attack rate of 401.5/100,000 population while age group 0-4 years has least cumulative attack rate of 69.1/100,000 population. We conducted community sensitization, supported case management and recommended reactive vaccination with NmC vaccine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)