Factors influencing partner disclosure of HIV seropositive status among women attending ante-retroviral clinics in Osun State, Nigeria, 2016
Oluwatoyin Adeola-Musa1,2,&, Olufunmilayo Fawole3, Babatunde Adedokun3, Abiodun Egwuenu4, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Epidemiology Division, Osun State Ministry of Health, Nigeria, 3Department of Epidemiology and Medical statistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 4Nigeria Center for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria
Oluwatoyin Adeola-Musa, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Epidemiology Division, Osun State Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria
disclosure of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sero-status is reportedly low in low-income countries especially among women. Pregnant women require special support to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission and to adopt effective management strategies. We compared the disclosure status and factors affecting willingness for disclosure in pregnant and non-pregnant women in Osun State, South-West Nigeria.
we conducted a comparative cross-sectional survey of 235 pregnant and non-pregnant women each from Anti-Retroviral Clinics in Osun State, Nigeria. We selected respondents from private and public facilities; with secondary and tertiary facilities selected from the public owned facilities in September 2016 using a two-stage sampling technique. We collected data with a pretested semi-structured questionnaire. We analyzed data with chi-square and logistic regression set at significance cut-off of p < 0.05.
HIV status disclosure was 84.3% (198) among pregnant compared with 60.0%
(141) in non-pregnant respondents (p < 0.001). On bivariate analysis there was
association (p < 0.05) between disclosure status and type of marriage, length
of relationship, level of education, number of children, been accompanied
by spouses, pre-test counselling and social support. Independent predictors
HIV disclosure among pregnant women were: informing spouses before HIV test,
(adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 11.6, 95% CI: 2.2 - 61.0) and awareness of partnerís
HIV status (AOR: 18.2; 95% CI: 3.8-86.5). In non-pregnant women, predictors
of disclosure were: being currently married (AOR: 3.7, 95% CI: 1.4-9.6),
monogamous marriage (AOR: 3.6, 95% CI: 1.4 - 9.5), receipt of pre-test counselling
9.4, 95% CI: 1.1-78.1) and awareness of partnerís HIV status (AOR: 26.0, 95%
disclosure of HIV seropositive status was higher among pregnant women compared to non-pregnant women due to attention placed on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Information, Education and Communication materials on the need to disclose HIV status were provided to respondents. We recommend more intense health education campaign, couple counselling and involvement of partners in patientsí care.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)