Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Factors affecting uptake of HIV counseling and testing among adults in Bunkure Local Government Area, Kano State, Nigeria, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Mar 2018; 8(8): 19. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.19.601

Submitted: 15 Jan 18   Accepted: 30 Jan 18   Published: 21 Mar 18

Key words: Community factors, uptake, HIV counselling and testing, adults

© Aliyu Shehu Ibrahim et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/19/abstract

Corresponding author: Aliyu Shehu Ibrahim, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria (aliyuibrahim2029@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Factors affecting uptake of HIV counseling and testing among adults in Bunkure Local Government Area, Kano State, Nigeria, 2016

Aliyu Shehu Ibrahim1,&, Aisha Abubakar2, Abdulrazaq Gobir2, Olufemi Ajumobi1, Mahmood Dalhat1, Patrick Nguku1, Muhammad Balogun1

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Aliyu Shehu Ibrahim, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: community factors have been hindrance to HCT uptake towards achieving the "90 - 90 - 90" UNAIDS agenda, that 90% of all people living with HIV will know their status, 90% of those diagnosed will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy and 90% of those will have viral suppression by 2020. The study aimed at determining the prevalence and the community factors affecting HCT uptake in Bunkure.

 

Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was used to select 350 adults who resided in Bunkure, using multistage sampling technique. Data was collected using a pre-tested interviewer administered questionnaire and analyzed using Epi-info.

 

Results: analysis showed age range of 16 - 62 years, mean of 34.5 years 10.9, 51.4% were female, about 60% had no formal education, > 70% were Hausa farmers and trader. Prevalence of HCT uptake was 19%. Community factors causing hindrance were cultural belief (73%), stigmatization (86%) and fear of test (70.5%). Bivariate analysis showed association between uptake of HCT and gender in favor of female (OR: 0.3 CI 0.19 - 0.6, p < 0.05), education (OR: 2.0, CI: 1.2 - 3.4, p = 0.01), stigmatization (OR: 0.2, CI: 0.1 - 0.3 p < 0.05) and fear of test (OR: 0.3, CI: 0.2 - 0.5, p < 0.05). On logistic regression, education/none (p = 0.02), gender male/female (0.00) and stigmatization (p = 0.00) were statistically significant.

 

Conclusion: less than a quarter of adults in Bunkure obtained HCT. Low education and stigmatization hindered uptake. The community, Government and supporting agencies should collaborate in educating the underserved community to improve HCT uptake towards achieving PEPFAR target of 90 - 90 - 90 model as a road map to elimination of HIV infection by the year 2030.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)