Malaria parasitemia and insecticidal net use among children aged 6-59 months
at internally displaced persons camps, Abuja, Nigeria, 2016
Joan Ejembi1,2,&, Olufemi Ajumobi1, Mohammed Ibrahim3, Saad Ahmed4, Adebola Olayinka1,2
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Medical Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, 3Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria, 4Department of Histopathology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Joan Ejembi, Department of Medical Microbiology Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria
malaria is the commonest cause of morbidity and mortality among displaced
children in malaria endemic countries. Nigeria, an endemic country, is experiencing
increase in population of internally displaced persons (IDP) due to insurgency.
We determined factors associated with malaria and long lasting-insecticidal
net (LLIN) use among children aged 6-59 months (U5) in IDP camps in Abuja.
we conducted a cross-sectional study of all U5s in the three IDP camps in Abuja from June to September 2016. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, LLIN use and risk factors for malaria was collected using a structured questionnaire. We examined blood samples for malaria parasites using rapid diagnostic test. We defined universal LLIN coverage as minimum of one LLIN to two persons per household. Data were analyzed using chi-square and logistic regression.
we recruited 393 U5s from 242 households. Median age was 36 months (Interquartile
range (IQR): 30 months), 51.6% were female and median duration of stay in camp
was 24 months (Interquartile range: 8.5 months). Malaria prevalence was 30.5%.
LLIN ownership was 76.7%, universal coverage 11.2% and use 89.7%. LLIN use was
associated with net hanging (Odds ratio (OR): 55.9; 95% Confidence interval
(CI): 18.1 - 172.1), breeding site close to dwellings (OR: 2.9; 95% CI: 1 -
6.6) and LLIN ownership for six months or less (OR: 2.6; 95% CI: 1.2 - 5.6).
Malaria parasitemia was associated with non-use of LLIN (OR: 4.1; 95% CI: 2.3
- 7.5), LLIN ownership more than six months (OR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1 - 3.3) and
holes ≥ 10cm in LLIN (OR: 2.4; 95% CI: 1.1 - 5.7). Only non-use of LLIN
was independently associated with parasitemia (adjusted OR: 4.0; CI: 4.9 - 7.2).
LLIN factors influence its use and protective effect. Malaria parasitemia was higher among those who owned LLIN for more than six months. We recommend further studies on durability of LLIN in displaced populations.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)