Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Predictors of overweight and obesity among secondary school adolescents Abuja, Nigeria, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Mar 2018; 8(8): 25. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.25.607

Submitted: 15 Jan 18   Accepted: 29 Jan 18   Published: 28 Mar 18

Key words: Overweight, obesity, adolescents, secondary school, Abuja, Nigeria

© Ijeoma Gladys Leo-Nnadi et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/25/abstract

Corresponding author: Ijeoma Gladys Leo-Nnadi, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (ijeomagladys20@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Predictors of overweight and obesity among secondary school adolescents Abuja, Nigeria, 2016

Ijeoma Gladys Leo-Nnadi1,&, Adamu Shehu2, Mohammed Nasir Sambo2, Saheed Gidado3, Abisola Oladimeji1, Patrick Nguku1

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, 3African Field Epidemiology Network, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Ijeoma Gladys Leo-Nnadi, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: overweight and obesity in adolescence are major risk factors for chronic diseases in adulthood. Initially thought to be a disease of Western world, obesity is now increasing in developing countries like Nigeria. This study determined the predictors of overweight and obesity among secondary school adolescents in Abuja, Nigeria.

 

Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study, using multistage sampling technique to select 782 adolescents from secondary schools in Abuja. Pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaires were used to obtain information on socio-demographic characteristics and physical activity levels of the participants. A 24-hour dietary recall was used to determine the dietary habits of the subjects. We used anthropometric measures and Body Mass Index (BMI) to assess prevalence of overweight and obesity. We calculated frequencies, means, proportions, and standard deviations. We determined associations between variables using odds ratios (OR) at 95% confidence interval and chi square at p-value of less than 0.05.

 

Results: overall mean age of the participants was 14.3 ± 2.5 years; 428 (55.7%) were females, and 43.2% were from families with average monthly income of above N100,000. The mean BMI was 20.5 ± 4.0. Sixty-five (8.3%) subjects were overweight and 152 (19.4%), obese. Five hundred and twelve (65.5%) were physically inactive while 626 (80.1%) had poor dietary habits. Logistic regression analyses showed that the significant predictors of the subject’s likelihood of being overweight or obese were age 10 - 14 years (adjusted OR: 3.64, 95% CI: 2.5 - 5.3), high income family (adjusted OR: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.2 - 3.1), poor dietary habit (adjusted OR 7.7, 95% CI: 3.8 - 15.7).

 

Conclusion: the predictors of overweight and obesity among Abuja adolescents were age 10 - 14 years, high family income and poor dietary habit. We are currently working with Government and educational institutions to introduce nutrition education in school health programs and implement family focused sensitization to reduce cardiovascular risk associated with overweight and obesity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)