Effect of structured physical activity on blood pressure among hypertensive adults
attending the general out-patient clinic and medical out-patient clinic of
Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
Muhammed Riyad1,2,&, Aisha Abubakar1,3, Muhammad Balogun1, Kabir Sabitu3, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria, 3Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Muhammed Riyad, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
hypertension is a major public health problem because of its rising prevalence worldwide. Globally, prevalence of hypertension in adults was around 22% in 2014. In Africa, a systematic review in 2014 reported a prevalence of 19.7% in 1990, 27.4% in 2000 and 30.8% in 2010. Similarly, in northern Nigeria, the prevalence of hypertension was 32.3% and 39.1% in Maiduguri and Kano respectively. This high prevalence of hypertension prompts primary prevention with lifestyle modification such as increased physical activity. This study aims to determine the effect of structured physical activity on blood pressure of hypertensive adults attending GOPC and MOPC at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH), Kano.
this study was an experimental study (pre and post) conducted in general out-patient clinic (GOPC) and medical out-patient clinic (MOPC) at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano State Nigeria. A total of 98 adult hypertensive adult respondents were recruited using simple random sampling technique and assigned to either intervention or control group by random allocation (balloting). The intervention group was offered structured physical activity using pedometer while the control group on verbal physical activity recommendation. They were followed up for 3 months. The T-test (2 sample T and paired T-test) was used to determine the difference in blood pressure between the two groups before and after structured physical activity.
a majority (64.3%) of the respondents were females. Their mean age was 48.6 ± 12.7,
with a range of 25 - 62 years. A reduction of 4.01 mmHg (P-value: < 0.05) and
3.15 mmHg (P-value: < 0.05) was observed in systolic blood pressure and diastolic
blood pressure among the intervention than the control group after 3 months
structured physical activity. Also, there was more decrease in pulse rate
of 0.61 beats per minute (P-value of < 0.05) in the intervention group. Similarly,
more reduction of 0.003 (P-value: < 0.05) in waist-hip ratio among females was
observed in the intervention than the control group.
structured physical activity with pedometer reduced blood pressure among hypertensive adults in Kano. We recommend the inclusion of structured physical activity using pedometer in the treatment guidelines of hypertension.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)