Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Effect of structured physical activity on blood pressure among hypertensive adults attending the general out-patient clinic and medical out-patient clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Mar 2018; 8(8): 27. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.27.689

Submitted: 22 Jan 18   Accepted: 24 Jan 18   Published: 28 Mar 18

Key words: Hypertension, physical activity, blood pressure, prevalence

© Muhammed Riyad et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/27/abstract

Corresponding author: Muhammed Riyad, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (msriyad99@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Effect of structured physical activity on blood pressure among hypertensive adults attending the general out-patient clinic and medical out-patient clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Muhammed Riyad1,2,&, Aisha Abubakar1,3, Muhammad Balogun1, Kabir Sabitu3, Patrick Nguku1

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria, 3Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Muhammed Riyad, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: hypertension is a major public health problem because of its rising prevalence worldwide. Globally, prevalence of hypertension in adults was around 22% in 2014. In Africa, a systematic review in 2014 reported a prevalence of 19.7% in 1990, 27.4% in 2000 and 30.8% in 2010. Similarly, in northern Nigeria, the prevalence of hypertension was 32.3% and 39.1% in Maiduguri and Kano respectively. This high prevalence of hypertension prompts primary prevention with lifestyle modification such as increased physical activity. This study aims to determine the effect of structured physical activity on blood pressure of hypertensive adults attending GOPC and MOPC at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH), Kano.

 

Methods: this study was an experimental study (pre and post) conducted in general out-patient clinic (GOPC) and medical out-patient clinic (MOPC) at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano State Nigeria. A total of 98 adult hypertensive adult respondents were recruited using simple random sampling technique and assigned to either intervention or control group by random allocation (balloting). The intervention group was offered structured physical activity using pedometer while the control group on verbal physical activity recommendation. They were followed up for 3 months. The T-test (2 sample T and paired T-test) was used to determine the difference in blood pressure between the two groups before and after structured physical activity.

 

Results: a majority (64.3%) of the respondents were females. Their mean age was 48.6 12.7, with a range of 25 - 62 years. A reduction of 4.01 mmHg (P-value: < 0.05) and 3.15 mmHg (P-value: < 0.05) was observed in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure among the intervention than the control group after 3 months structured physical activity. Also, there was more decrease in pulse rate of 0.61 beats per minute (P-value of < 0.05) in the intervention group. Similarly, more reduction of 0.003 (P-value: < 0.05) in waist-hip ratio among females was observed in the intervention than the control group.

 

Conclusion: structured physical activity with pedometer reduced blood pressure among hypertensive adults in Kano. We recommend the inclusion of structured physical activity using pedometer in the treatment guidelines of hypertension.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)