Uptake and intentions towards human papilloma virus vaccination for cervical cancer prevention among female undergraduate students in Osun State, Nigeria, 2016
Folasade Feyisayo Osundina1,&, Olufunmilayo Fawole1,2, Ikeoluwa Adeoye2, Olufemi Ajumobi1, Babatunde Adedokun2, Abisola Oladimeji1, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Folasade Feyisayo Osundina, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
cervical cancer (CC) ranks the second most frequent cancer among women in Nigeria, with estimated incidence rate of 33 cases per 100,000 women per year. Epidemiological, molecular and clinical evidences have shown that cervical cancer is caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection. In 2009, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine was licensed for use in Nigeria, but as at 2015, uptake among female undergraduates in southwestern Nigeria has not been documented. We assessed the uptake, intentions towards HPV vaccination and the associated factors among female undergraduates in Osun State, Nigeria.
we conducted a cross-sectional study among 440 female undergraduates in Osun State, Nigeria from March to July, 2015, using a multistage sampling technique. We collected data on socio-demographic characteristics, awareness and knowledge on CC, knowledge, uptake and uptake intentions towards HPV vaccination using a semi-structured questionnaire. We graded the knowledge scores into good (= 75%), fair (50% - 74%) and poor (<50%). We did analysis using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 and determined association using multivariable logistic regression with confidence interval set at 95%.
mean age of the respondents was 22.2 3.9 years; 164 (37.3%) students were not aware of cervical cancer while 420 (95.9%) and 27 (6.1%) had poor knowledge on cervical cancer and HPV vaccination respectively. Major sources of information on cervical cancer were internet 200 (45.5%), television 191 (43.4%) and hospital 154 (35.0%). Uptake of HPV vaccination was 2.0%, while uptake intention was 87.3%. Lack of information 227 (51.6%) was the major reason for non-uptake of HPV vaccine. Four students (0.9%) got recommendation from healthcare workers on HPV vaccination uptake. Tribe [aOR = 2.4, (95% CI = 1.2 - 4.9)], and knowledge about CC [aOR = 3.1, (95% CI = 1.5 - 6.5)], were significantly associated with uptake intention of HPV vaccination.
uptake of HPV vaccination was low among the students, however uptake intention was high. Appropriate and youth-friendly health worker-client communication on social media with targeted messages on CC and HPV vaccination is recommended.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)