State’s preparedness for coordination of Lassa fever outbreak containment in
Nigeria, April 2017
Bio Belu Abaye1,&, William Nwachukwu2, Odekunle Odegbemi1, Chioma Dan-Nwafor2, Aragew Merawi3, Abdulazziz Mohammed3, Elsie Ilori2, Olubunmi Ojo2, Chikwe Ihekweazu2
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training programmme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria, 3African Union, Center of Disease Control and prevention, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Bio Belu Abaye, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training programmme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
Lassa fever (LF), an acute viral hemorrhagic fever is endemic in Nigeria
with annual recurrent outbreaks in different States and varying levels of mortality
and morbidity. In order to prevent such episodes with better preparation for
early detection and rapid control of the disease, the Nigeria Center for Disease
Control (NCDC) evaluated Nigerian States’ level of preparedness with a view
to defining areas with high disease burden and risk of outbreak. The aim of
the study is to assess the level of preparedness for co-ordination of LF outbreak
response activities across the states for informed decision and effective LF
outbreak response, planning and implementing of high impact interventions.
a self-administered LF preparedness questionnaire was filled by 37 State
Epidemiologists including the Federal Capital Territory to assess national
preparedness. Data was entered, cleaned and analyzed using Epi-Info 7.2. States
into Very High Risk (VHR), High Risk (HR) and Low Risk (LR) based on having ≥ 10,
1 - 9 or zero confirmed cases respectively in 2016 and 2017. State-specific
level of preparedness, based on a three-staged scoring system was categorized
into: Inadequate, 0 - 49%; fairly adequate, 50 - 74%; and adequate ≥ 75%
preparedness. Variables of interest were summarized in frequencies and proportions.
six (16.0%) states were classified as VHR, 18 (49.0%) were HR, while 13 (35.0%). Twenty-six states (70.3%) had an Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) while 24 (64.9%) can activate their EOCs within 48 hours. Thirty-two (86.5%) have Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) Committees. A maximum of 3 (50%) of VHR states had functional EOCs, ability to activate EOCs within 48 hours and EPR Committees, when compared with 13 - 15 HR and 9 - 12 LR states, respectively. On the state-specific level of preparedness for co-ordination, 16 states (43.2%) were inadequate, 9 (24.4%) fairly inadequate, and 12 (32.4%) adequate.
preparedness for co-ordination of Lassa fever outbreak responses should be improved in all the states, especially the VHR and HR states, to reduce morbidity, mortality, economic cost and psychosocial effect associated with LF outbreaks in Nigeria.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)