Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Assessment of routine immunization data quality in Oyo State, Nigeria, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Mar 2018; 8(8): 36. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.36.618

Submitted: 16 Jan 18   Accepted: 30 Jan 18   Published: 28 Mar 18

Key words: Routine immunization, data quality, district health information system

© Clara Oguji et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Corresponding author: Clara Oguji, Africa Field Epidemiology Network, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Assessment of routine immunization data quality in Oyo State, Nigeria, 2016

Clara Oguji1,&, Saheed Gidado1, Adamu Sule1, Adekunle Akerele1, Joel Adegoke1, Olasoji Fasogbon1, Ramatu Obansa1, Babatunde Alabi1, Esther Ayandipo1, Nnamdi Usifoh1, Bidemi Adeoye1, Ndadilnasiya Waziri1


1African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Nigeria



&Corresponding author
Clara Oguji, Africa Field Epidemiology Network, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria




Introduction: quality routine immunization (RI) data is essential for proper planning and effective decision making. In February 2016, RI module of DHIS 2 was implemented in Oyo State to improve RI data quality and strengthen data management. Prior to its implementation, RI data were reported via administrative methods characterized by good reporting rate but poor quality. In November 2016, we assessed the quality of RI data in the State to determine if there was improvement in RI data quality and identify remaining gaps.


Methods: we used a checklist to assess data quality that had been previously piloted in two states. We selected eight Local Government Areas (LGA) based on good and poor RI performance criteria. Frequencies and proportions were developed using a scatter plot diagram to compare for consistency across selected tools using penta3 and measles vaccine administered.


Results: out of 16 health facilities visited, only 5 (31%) had 100% consistency between the tally sheet and the health facilities immunization monthly summary form, while 8 (50%) had 100% when compared to the NHMIS form. Ten (63%) of health facilities showed 100% consistency with data between DHIS2 platform and NHMIS forms. The Study indicated that the level of inconsistency of Routine immunisation data is higher at the health facility than in the LGA. Gaps identified were poor supportive supervision, minimal capacity gaps and unavailability of updated RI data tools. The quality of reported data remains a concern among stakeholders, there is therefore a need to strengthen data management. Supportive supervision remains critical in improvement of data quality.


Conclusion: this study has led to a data quality improvement study in the State. Assessment of RI data quality is very important and should be considered as routine practice.



















Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme


Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (