Knowledge, attitude and practice of health care workers on Lassa fever in Taraba
State, Nigeria, January 2017
Chinenye Nkem Nwaekpe1,&, Saleh Mansur1, Amarachi Nwankiti1, Yashe Usman2, Bio Abaye1, Robinson Nnaji1, Celestine Ameh1, Ken Onyedibe3, Adebola Olayinka1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria, 3Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Chinenye Nkem Nwaekpe, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
Lassa fever (LF) is a highly infectious viral haemorrhagic febrile illness.
The disease is endemic in Nigeria and parts of West Africa. Outbreaks have
been recorded among healthcare workers predicated on a dearth of knowledge and
prevention practice. We explored the knowledge, attitude and practices of
healthcare workers (HCW) on LF during an outbreak in November 2016 in Taraba
a cross-sectional study was conducted among HCW in eight public health facilities
in the seven affected LGAs using a semi structured questionnaire to assess
their knowledge, attitude and practice. Recruitment of HCWs was purposively
those available. A standard checklist was used to collect data on practices
and infection prevention and control (IPC) methods. Knowledge and attitude
were scored using the Likert scale: poor (0-4), satisfactory (5-7) and
good (8-10). HCWs that answered 5 of 9 questions on practice were considered
having good practice. Frequencies and relative frequencies, means and standard
were calculated using Epi info version 7.
of 125 respondents, 103 (82.4%) had good knowledge, 13 (10.4%) and 9 (7.2%) had satisfactory and poor knowledge respectively. In terms of attitude, 31 (24.8%), 25 (20%) and 69 (55.2%) had good, satisfactory and poor attitudes respectively. For specific knowledge and practice, 23 (18.9%) knew that a suspected case should be isolated, notified and referred; 47 (40%) knew Ribavirin as drug of choice, 63 (50.4%) used hand gloves and 12 (9.6%) used face mask. Three health facilities (37.5%) had at least hand gloves, apron, face mask and boots for IPC.
knowledge of HCWs on LF was good. However, their attitude and practice on IPC for LF were poor. We did a sensitization and awareness campaign for the HCWs on IPC. We also made an advocacy for training on IPC for HCWs to the State Ministry of Health.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)