Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Measles outbreak investigation in Ikende Ward, Bassa Local Government Area of Kogi State, May, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 42. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.42.624

Submitted: 16 Jan 18   Accepted: 30 Jan 18   Published: 01 Apr 18

Key words: Measles, outbreak, vaccination

© Sylvester Micheal Udeh et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/42/abstract

Corresponding author: Sylvester Micheal Udeh, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (slyudeh@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Measles outbreak investigation in Ikende Ward, Bassa Local Government Area of Kogi State, May, 2016

Sylvester Micheal Udeh1,&, Charles Emejuru1, Samuel Sambo1, Jeremiah Daikwo1, Ramatu Abdu-Aguye1, Fatima Giwa2, Festus Okoh3, Garba Mustapha1, Olarenwaju Jimoh2

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, 3National Malaria Elimination Programme, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Sylvester Micheal Udeh, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: measles remains a leading cause of death worldwide and under-five mortality in Africa. It is a highly contagious disease, caused by measles virus of the genus morbilliviridae and outbreak CFR can be as high as 10% in some populations. An outbreak of measles was reported in Ikende ward, Bassa Local Government Area of Kogi State in April 2016. Nigeria FELTP residents were deployed to investigate, verify, and characterize the outbreak and to implement control measures.

 

Methods: an unmatched 1:1 case-control study was done using a systematic, random sample of 144 respondents. A case was defined as any child less than 5 years, with generalized maculopapular rash, fever and any of cough, coryza or conjunctivitis in Ikende ward between 1st of March to 23rd of May 2016. Standard questionnaires were administered to collect basic data from 72 cases and 72 controls. Five case blood samples were analyzed using ELISA. Data analysis was done and frequencies, proportions, OR, 95% CI were presented in tables and charts.

 

Results: overall attack rate was 1.18% with no death. Males, 37 (51.4%), Ikende village 61 (85%) and children aged 60 months for both sexes, 19 (26.4%) were most affected. Two laboratory samples tested positive for Measles IgM and rubella respectively. Children aged < 12 months were 4.2 times more likely to be infected (OR = 4.2, 95% CI = 0.5 - 38.3) and children aged < 60 months were 2.0 times more likely to be infected (OR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.0 - 4.0). The odds of measles infection was 4.0 times higher in unvaccinated cases (OR = 4.0, p < 0.05) and children who came in contact with measles cases, were 9.0 times more likely to be infected (OR = 9.0, 95% CI = 4.2 - 19.2).

 

Conclusion: measles outbreak occurred in Ikende ward, Bassa LGA of Kogi State between March and May 2016. Poor children vaccination and contacts with measles cases, were the major risk factors for infection. Full immunization of all eligible children in Ikende ward was recommended to prevent future outbreaks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)