Knowledge, perception and practices regarding lassa fever during an outbreak in Lagos State, Nigeria, 2016
Hakeem Abiola Yusuff1,&, Oyeladun Okunromade1, Bisola Adebayo1, Hakeem Bisiriyu1, Abiodun Agbalaya1, Nurain Ayeola1, Hameed Obani1, Mureen Anyanwu1, Ugochukwu Osigwe1, Folasade Osundina1, Stephen Adebowale2, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, college of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Hakeem Yusuff, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
Lassa fever (LF) is a public health problem in Nigeria. During the Lassa
fever outbreak in Lagos State in 2016, several people had contact with the four
confirmed cases. Unfortunately, there is dearth of information on knowledge
and preparedness towards preventive measures on LF in Lagos State. We assessed
the public’s knowledge and preparedness towards preventing the re-occurrence
of the disease.
we conducted a cross-sectional study in which we selected 632 respondents through multi-stage sampling technique. We collected data on their socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge of Lassa fever, attitude and perception of Lassa, practices and source of information regarding Lassa fever. Knowledge, attitudes and practices were the dependent variables used and were measured using list of items on scales. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square model (α = 0.05).
mean age of respondents was 36 ± 11.3 years, 51.0% were females, 91.1% had heard about Lassa fever, and 76.7% correctly identified the causative agent as a virus. Twenty-seven percent knew there is a specific drug for treatment of LF while 56.8% possessed poor general knowledge. Fifty-five percent perceived Lassa fever as a public health problem while 55% believed they were at risk of contracting the disease. Overall, 99% would seek appropriate care. Television (94.5%) and radio (73.2%) were the most common sources of information on LF. Being female respondents and possessing at most secondary education were significantly associated with poor general knowledge; (OR = 1.4, p = 0.03) and (OR = 2.4, p < 0.01) respectively.
perception about LF and health seeking behavior on symptoms was good but knowledge on LF is poor. Health education to improve knowledge of LF is necessary and this we supported in strengthening in Lagos State by conducting health education in the communities and major markets.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)