Health workers knowledge, attitude and practice during lassa fever outbreak, Anambra State, Nigeria, 2016
Obagha Emmanuel Chijioke1,&, Simeon Ajisegiri1, Belinda Uba2, Saheed Gidado2, Patrick Nguku1, Franklin Onwokwu3
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Nigeria, 3Nigeria, Anambra State Ministry of Health, Nigeria
Obagha Emmanuel Chijioke, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
Lassa fever (LF) is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever caused by Lassa fever
virus (LVF), Asymptomatic in 80% of cases; Lassa fever is associated with bleeding
and multiple organ failure. Its endemic in West Africa and Nigeria has been
having severe outbreaks since 2014. On 18thAugust 2016, a patient
was referred to a teaching hospital in the State with bleeding from orifices,
hematuria, and bleeding from puncture sites. Lassa fever was confirmed post
mortem. This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitude and practice
among health workers.
we conducted a cross-sectional study among health workers in Anambra State.
We assessed KAP using self-administered questionnaire and multistage sampling
technique was employed. KAP score was computed using 12, 10 and 9 item questions
respectively. Each item was assigned +1 for correct Knowledge and 0 for
incorrect knowledge. KAP was classified as good if > 75%, fair if > 50%, poor
if < 50%.Chi-square with a significance level set at 5% was used to measure
degree of significance of the association.
a total of 128 health workers were interviewed, of which 109 (86.51%) were
females, 2% clinicians, 34% nurses, 50% community health extension workers
, others 14%. Only 10% were able to give the case definition of LF, 21% were
to mention drug of choice, 10% knew the reservoir for the virus and only
4.7% could properly describe hand washing. 15.6% had good, 32.8% fair
and 51.6% poor knowledge. 75.8% had good, 20.3% fair and 4.7% poor attitude.
57% fair and 12.5% poor practice. Having attended any training/sensitization
and duration of employment were associated with having good knowledge (X2 =
10.6, P = 0.005 and X2 = 32.7, P = < 0.0001 respectively). Duration
of employment was also associated with good practice (X2 = 14.55,
P = < 0.0001).
overall knowledge and practice was very poor but attitude was good. We sensitized
health workers in the State.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)