Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Health workers knowledge, attitude and practice during lassa fever outbreak, Anambra State, Nigeria, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 46. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.46.628

Submitted: 16 Jan 18   Accepted: 30 Jan 18   Published: 05 Apr 18

Key words: Lassa fever, health-care workers, knowledge, practice, Nigeria

© Obagha Emmanuel Chijioke et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/46/abstract

Corresponding author: Obagha Emmanuel Chijioke, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (cobagha@gmail.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Health workers knowledge, attitude and practice during lassa fever outbreak, Anambra State, Nigeria, 2016

Obagha Emmanuel Chijioke1,&, Simeon Ajisegiri1, Belinda Uba2, Saheed Gidado2, Patrick Nguku1, Franklin Onwokwu3

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Nigeria, 3Nigeria, Anambra State Ministry of Health, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Obagha Emmanuel Chijioke, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: Lassa fever (LF) is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever caused by Lassa fever virus (LVF), Asymptomatic in 80% of cases; Lassa fever is associated with bleeding and multiple organ failure. It’s endemic in West Africa and Nigeria has been having severe outbreaks since 2014. On 18thAugust 2016, a patient was referred to a teaching hospital in the State with bleeding from orifices, hematuria, and bleeding from puncture sites. Lassa fever was confirmed post mortem. This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitude and practice among health workers.

 

Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study among health workers in Anambra State. We assessed KAP using self-administered questionnaire and multistage sampling technique was employed. KAP score was computed using 12, 10 and 9 item questions respectively. Each item was assigned “+1” for correct Knowledge and “0” for incorrect knowledge. KAP was classified as good if > 75%, fair if > 50%, poor if < 50%.Chi-square with a significance level set at 5% was used to measure degree of significance of the association.

 

Results: a total of 128 health workers were interviewed, of which 109 (86.51%) were females, 2% clinicians, 34% nurses, 50% community health extension workers , others 14%. Only 10% were able to give the case definition of LF, 21% were able to mention drug of choice, 10% knew the reservoir for the virus and only 4.7% could properly describe hand washing. 15.6% had good, 32.8% fair and 51.6% poor knowledge. 75.8% had good, 20.3% fair and 4.7% poor attitude. 30.5% had good, 57% fair and 12.5% poor practice. Having attended any training/sensitization and duration of employment were associated with having good knowledge (X2 = 10.6, P = 0.005 and X2 = 32.7, P = < 0.0001 respectively). Duration of employment was also associated with good practice (X2 = 14.55, P = < 0.0001).

 

Conclusion: overall knowledge and practice was very poor but attitude was good. We sensitized health workers in the State.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)