Outbreak of cholera due to consumption of “Abacha” in Oshodi local government area, Lagos State, 2016
Oluwatosin Onasanya1,&, Ebenezer Oladeinde1, Adesina Abdulsalam2, Mohammed Ibrahim3, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Epidemiology Unit, Ministry of Health, Lagos, Nigeria, 3Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Oluwatosin Onasanya, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
cholera is a highly infectious disease caused by Vibrio cholerae. On 19th of August suspected outbreak of cholera was reported in Oshodi Isolo Local Government Area (LGA), Ogun State. We investigated to establish the occurrence of an outbreak and determine the risk factors for spread of the disease.
a case control study was carried out. We reviewed medical records to identify cases. We used a semi-structured questionnaire to obtain information on demography, clinical history, symptoms and exposure factors. We collected stool specimens, food sample (Abacha) and water specimens for analysis. We analyzed for presence of Vibrio cholerae. We performed bivariate and multivariable analysis to assess the association of risk factors.
a total of 37 cases were identified with 5 deaths (attack rate of 7.32/100,000
and case fatality rate of 11.4%). Age group mostly affected were individuals < 10
years. Of the 37 cases and 74 controls, 21 (52.3%) and 46 (62.2%) were females.
Mean age for cases and controls was 20.5 years (SD = 19) and 38.8 years (SD
= 15.6), respectively. Vibrio cholerae was isolated from two of the stool
samples. Protective factors were hand washing with soap and water before eating
(OR = 0.3; Confidence Interval (CI) 95%: 0.1 - 0.7) and hand washing with soap
and water after using the toilet (OR = 0.3, CI 95%: 0.1 - 0.6).
health education with emphasis on the importance of hand washing with soap and water and environmental hygiene were conducted. Sanitary inspection was recommended to the local authorities.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)