Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Descriptive analysis of Lassa fever outbreak data in Edo State, Nigeria, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 54. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.54.636

Submitted: 17 Jan 18   Accepted: 29 Jan 18   Published: 05 Apr 18

Key words: Lassa fever, outbreak, Edo State

© Ibrahim Abiodun Seriki et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/54/abstract

Corresponding author: Ibrahim Abiodun Seriki, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (serikibrahim@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Descriptive analysis of Lassa fever outbreak data in Edo State, Nigeria, 2016

Ibrahim Abiodun Seriki1,&, Lilian Okeke1, Osamwonyi Irowa2

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Edo State Ministry of Health, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Ibrahim Abiodun Seriki, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: Lassa fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease endemic in West Africa. It is transmitted to humans via contact with food or household items contaminated by rodent, mastomys natalensis urine or droppings. Human-to-Human transmission can occur in communities or hospitals with poor infectious control practices. The burden of Lassa fever is not known because itís asymptomatic in 80% of cases in addition to non-specific symptoms. The objective of the study is to describe the cases in person, place and time which will help inform decision making.

 

Methods: we obtained the suspected Lassa fever cases data for all 18 Local Government Areas (LGA) in Edo State for the period of January to December, 2016. Data abstraction was done to obtain socio-demographic, clinical and laboratory information. A descriptive study was done and Data was analyzed using Epi Info to determine frequencies and proportions. Bivariate analysis was done to determined factors associated with outcome using confidence interval set at 95%.

 

Results: out of 946 suspected cases, 49 (5.2%) were laboratory confirmed (RT - PCR positive). Modal age group was 20 - 29 years, 15 (30.6%) and 27 (55.1%) were males. Esan-West, 12 (24.5%) and Etsako-West, 13 (26.5%) Local Government Areas had most cases. More cases were recorded between January to April with peak in February 17 (35.4%). Case fatality rate (CFR) among the 39 cases with known outcome was 51.3%. CFR among the suspected cases was 8%. Late confirmation of illness (> 7 days of onset) was associated with death [OR = 2.5 (95% CI 0.6 - 11.3)].

 

Conclusion: the peak of the outbreak was in February. Case fatality rate of the outbreak was high with cases detected early having better outcome.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)