Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Active case search for Avian influenza among human contacts of H5N1 infected poultry birds, Plateau State, Nigeria, March, 2017

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 56. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.56.638

Submitted: 17 Jan 18   Accepted: 29 Jan 18   Published: 05 Apr 18

Key words: Avian influenza, poultry, flu, patients, outbreak

© Odekunle Bola Odegbemi et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/56/abstract

Corresponding author: Odekunle Bola Odegbemi, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (kbprudence2000@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Active case search for Avian influenza among human contacts of H5N1 infected poultry birds, Plateau State, Nigeria, March, 2017

Odekunle Bola Odegbemi1,&, Assad Hassan1, Ephraim Nwanga1, Adedoyin Fetuga1, Lilian Okeke2, Muhammad Balogun1

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Odekunle Bola Odegbemi, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: Avian influenza (AI) infected birds shed influenza viruses in their saliva, mucous and feces. Human infections occur when viruses get into a person's eyes, mouth or when inhaled. Plateau State had the highest number of infected farms in Nigeria in the 2017 H5N1 virus resurgence. Efforts to stamp out the outbreak were directed at the control of infected poultry population. However, unlike birds which can be controlled by depopulation, man cannot. Hence, the need to carry out active case search to detect possible bird-to-man cases and prevent man-to-man transmission.

 

Methods: we did active case search in 14 AI-affected farms. Healthcare facilities around affected farms were also visited for active case search and records review. We searched for patients who met the case definition for influenza-like illness or severe acute respiratory illness. Nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal samples collected were analysed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction at National Influenza Reference Laboratory, Abuja.

 

Results: altogether, seven suspected cases were line-listed. The mean age was 33.9 SD 18.2 years and four (57.1%) were males. Four (57.1%) of the cases presented with sore throat, cough and difficulty in breathing. Majority of the patients, 4 (57.1%) were from Jos South LGA. Two of the suspected influenza patients tested positive for Flu B while none was confirmed positive for highly pathogenic Avian Influenza or any other Influenza A sub-type.

 

Conclusion: influenza B detected in the suspected patients is a common seasonal flu among humans and was not likely to have come from AI-infected birds. There was probably no human case in this recent outbreak of AI in Plateau State. We sensitized poultry attendants on the need for improvement in infection prevention and control measures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)