Active case search for Avian influenza among human contacts of H5N1 infected
poultry birds, Plateau State, Nigeria, March, 2017
Odekunle Bola Odegbemi1,&, Assad Hassan1, Ephraim Nwanga1, Adedoyin Fetuga1, Lilian Okeke2, Muhammad Balogun1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Nigeria
Odekunle Bola Odegbemi, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
Avian influenza (AI) infected birds shed influenza viruses in their saliva,
mucous and feces. Human infections occur when viruses get into a person's eyes,
mouth or when inhaled. Plateau State had the highest number of infected farms
in Nigeria in the 2017 H5N1 virus resurgence. Efforts to stamp out the outbreak
were directed at the control of infected poultry population. However, unlike
birds which can be controlled by depopulation, man cannot. Hence, the need to
carry out active case search to detect possible bird-to-man cases and prevent
we did active case search in 14 AI-affected farms. Healthcare facilities around affected farms were also visited for active case search and records review. We searched for patients who met the case definition for influenza-like illness or severe acute respiratory illness. Nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal samples collected were analysed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction at National Influenza Reference Laboratory, Abuja.
altogether, seven suspected cases were line-listed. The mean age was 33.9
SD 18.2 years and four (57.1%) were males. Four (57.1%) of the cases presented
with sore throat, cough and difficulty in breathing. Majority of the patients,
4 (57.1%) were from Jos South LGA. Two of the suspected influenza patients
tested positive for Flu B while none was confirmed positive for highly pathogenic
Influenza or any other Influenza A sub-type.
influenza B detected in the suspected patients is a common seasonal flu among humans and was not likely to have come from AI-infected birds. There was probably no human case in this recent outbreak of AI in Plateau State. We sensitized poultry attendants on the need for improvement in infection prevention and control measures.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)