Sero-prevalence of Dengue virus and associated risk factors among healthy individuals
in Karu Local Government, Nasarawa State, Nigeria, 2016
Adama Abubakar Ahmad1,&, Debola Olayinka1, Patrick Nguku1, Ahmad Said2, Muhammad Balogun3, Suleiman Idris2, Emmanuel Agogo4, Fatima Giwa2
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria, 3African Field Epidemiology Network, (AFENET) Nigeria, 4Nigeria Center for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria
Adama Abubakar Ahmad, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection that mimics malaria and other
febrile illnesses and is often misdiagnosed as malaria especially where routine
diagnosis of dengue is not done. Recently global incidence of dengue has grown
dramatically putting half of the world’s population at risk (WHO). This study
aimed at determining the prevalence of dengue infection, identifying most at
risk population and associated factors among the study population.
descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among apparently healthy
individuals at Karu LGA, Nasarawa State using multistage sampling. Questionnaires
and samples obtained and tested using ELISA IgG technique. Data was analyzed
using Epi-info-7 at P < 0.05.
there were 354 recruited participants, 186 (52.5%) males. Antibodies against
dengue virus was found in 4.8% (95% CI: 2.8% - 7.6%) of all the samples. About
4.8% (95% CI: 2.2% - 9.0%) of both males and females tested positive for dengue
antibodies. Age group > 45 years and farmers have the highest sero-prevalence
22.6% (95% CI: 9.6% - 41.1%) 18.6% (95% CI: 8.4% -33.4%), respectively for dengue
antibodies. Also, individuals with informal education had sero-prevalence of
26.3% (95% CI: 9.1% - 51.2%) compared to individuals with tertiary education
6.1% (95% CI: 0.74% - 20.2%).
there was high prevalence of dengue among the study population. We identified age group 45years, lack of formal education, and local farming as the factors for higher risk to Dengue fever. We recommend improved dengue surveillance, inclusion of dengue testing in health facilities for febrile illnesses.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)