Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Sero-prevalence of Dengue virus and associated risk factors among healthy individuals in Karu Local Government, Nasarawa State, Nigeria, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 58. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.58.640

Submitted: 17 Jan 18   Accepted: 29 Jan 18   Published: 09 Apr 18

Key words: Dengue fever, apparently healthy individuals, sero-prevalence, ELISA Technique

© Adama Abubakar Ahmad et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/58/abstract

Corresponding author: Adama Abubakar Ahmad, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (adama.ahmad@ncdc.gov.ng)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Sero-prevalence of Dengue virus and associated risk factors among healthy individuals in Karu Local Government, Nasarawa State, Nigeria, 2016

Adama Abubakar Ahmad1,&, Debola Olayinka1, Patrick Nguku1, Ahmad Said2, Muhammad Balogun3, Suleiman Idris2, Emmanuel Agogo4, Fatima Giwa2

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria, 3African Field Epidemiology Network, (AFENET) Nigeria, 4Nigeria Center for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Adama Abubakar Ahmad, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection that mimics malaria and other febrile illnesses and is often misdiagnosed as malaria especially where routine diagnosis of dengue is not done. Recently global incidence of dengue has grown dramatically putting half of the world’s population at risk (WHO). This study aimed at determining the prevalence of dengue infection, identifying most at risk population and associated factors among the study population.

 

Methods: descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among apparently healthy individuals at Karu LGA, Nasarawa State using multistage sampling. Questionnaires were administered and samples obtained and tested using ELISA IgG technique. Data was analyzed using Epi-info-7 at P < 0.05.

 

Results: there were 354 recruited participants, 186 (52.5%) males. Antibodies against dengue virus was found in 4.8% (95% CI: 2.8% - 7.6%) of all the samples. About 4.8% (95% CI: 2.2% - 9.0%) of both males and females tested positive for dengue antibodies. Age group > 45 years and farmers have the highest sero-prevalence 22.6% (95% CI: 9.6% - 41.1%) 18.6% (95% CI: 8.4% -33.4%), respectively for dengue antibodies. Also, individuals with informal education had sero-prevalence of 26.3% (95% CI: 9.1% - 51.2%) compared to individuals with tertiary education 6.1% (95% CI: 0.74% - 20.2%).

 

Conclusion: there was high prevalence of dengue among the study population. We identified age group 45years, lack of formal education, and local farming as the factors for higher risk to Dengue fever. We recommend improved dengue surveillance, inclusion of dengue testing in health facilities for febrile illnesses.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)