Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Knowledge and perception of Zika virus infection and its diagnostic proficiency among physicians in Ekiti State, Nigeria, 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 59. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.59.641

Submitted: 17 Jan 18   Accepted: 29 Jan 18   Published: 09 Apr 18

Key words: Zika virus, knowledge, perception, diagnostic proficiency, Nigeria

© John Olujide Ojo et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/59/abstract

Corresponding author: John Olujide Ojo, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (drjideodance171@gmail.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Knowledge and perception of Zika virus infection and its diagnostic proficiency among physicians in Ekiti State, Nigeria, 2016

John Olujide Ojo1,&, Oluyemi Ogundun1, Mahmood Dalhat2, Aboyowa Edukugho2, Muhammad Balogun2, Adeleye Adeomi3, Olushola Abioye1, Folashade Bamidele1, Paul Ajayi4, Tope Olaniyan4

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2African Field Epidemiology, Network, Nigeria, 3Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria, 4Department of Community Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
John Olujide Ojo, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: previous demonstration of Zika virus in humans and the presence of Aedes (Steogmyia) albopictus Aedes (Steogmyia) aegypti mosquitoes implies that Nigeria is at risk of sustained Zika virus transmission. We investigated to determine knowledge, perception and diagnostic proficiency of physicians regarding Zika virus infection in South-Western Nigeria.

 

Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study. We used self-administered, semi-structured, pre-tested questionnaires to collect information on awareness, general knowledge, knowledge of diagnostic measures and perception about Zika virus infection from respondents. We selected the participants using multistage sampling technique. We used chi-square test and logistic regression to determine associations.

 

Results: a total of 62 (26.2%) were females. The mean age ± range was 36.9 ± 4.9 years. Most respondents (230 [97%]) were aware of Zika virus infection; however, only 123 (51.9%) had good knowledge of the disease. Zika virus perception was good among 151 (63.7%) participants. Mean knowledge score was 23.2 ± 3.9 (score range12 - 31) while perception score was 12.9 ± 2.2 (score range 8-18). The respondents’ knowledge about Zika virus was significantly associated with their age (p < 0.001), sex (p = 0.009), years of experience (p = 0.042), medical specialty (p < 0.001) and professional designation (p = 0.002). Participants aged 40 years and above were more likely to have good knowledge [OR (CI): 4.22 (2.01 - 8.98)] compared to those below 40years; and those in public health specialty were more likely to have good knowledge [OR (CI): 4.14 (1.23 - 14.40)] compared to those in internal medicine specialty. Only 55 (23.2%) of the participants had good knowledge of laboratory diagnostic measures.

 

Conclusion: although the awareness about Zika virus infection was high among the physicians, their knowledge and perception were not correspondingly high and their diagnostic proficiency was also poor. We recommend training doctors regarding Zika virus infection to improve epidemic preparedness.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)