Knowledge and perception of Zika virus infection and its diagnostic proficiency among physicians in Ekiti State, Nigeria, 2016
John Olujide Ojo1,&, Oluyemi Ogundun1, Mahmood Dalhat2, Aboyowa Edukugho2, Muhammad Balogun2, Adeleye Adeomi3, Olushola Abioye1, Folashade Bamidele1, Paul Ajayi4, Tope Olaniyan4
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2African Field Epidemiology, Network, Nigeria, 3Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria, 4Department of Community Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
John Olujide Ojo, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
previous demonstration of Zika virus in humans and the presence of Aedes (Steogmyia) albopictus Aedes (Steogmyia) aegypti mosquitoes implies that Nigeria is at risk of sustained Zika virus transmission. We investigated to determine knowledge, perception and diagnostic proficiency of physicians regarding Zika virus infection in South-Western Nigeria.
we conducted a cross-sectional study. We used self-administered, semi-structured, pre-tested questionnaires to collect information on awareness, general knowledge, knowledge of diagnostic measures and perception about Zika virus infection from respondents. We selected the participants using multistage sampling technique. We used chi-square test and logistic regression to determine associations.
a total of 62 (26.2%) were females. The mean age ± range was 36.9 ± 4.9 years.
Most respondents (230 [97%]) were aware of Zika virus infection; however, only
123 (51.9%) had good knowledge of the disease. Zika virus perception was good
among 151 (63.7%) participants. Mean knowledge score was 23.2 ± 3.9 (score range12
- 31) while perception score was 12.9 ± 2.2 (score range 8-18). The respondents’ knowledge
about Zika virus was significantly associated with their age (p < 0.001), sex
(p = 0.009), years of experience (p = 0.042), medical specialty (p < 0.001)
and professional designation (p = 0.002). Participants aged 40 years and above
were more likely to have good knowledge [OR (CI): 4.22 (2.01 - 8.98)] compared
to those below 40years; and those in public health specialty were more likely
to have good knowledge [OR (CI): 4.14 (1.23 - 14.40)] compared to those in internal
medicine specialty. Only 55 (23.2%) of the participants had good knowledge of
laboratory diagnostic measures.
although the awareness about Zika virus infection was high among the physicians, their knowledge and perception were not correspondingly high and their diagnostic proficiency was also poor. We recommend training doctors regarding Zika virus infection to improve epidemic preparedness.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)