Barriers to anti-rabies vaccination services uptake among dog owners in Anambra State, South - Eastern Nigeria, 2016
Uchenna Patrick Anebonam1,&, Olayinka Ishola2, David Dairo3, Olawunmi Adeoye1, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 3Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Uchenna Patrick Anebonam, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
canine-rabies pose a major public health threat in Nigeria. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends 70% Anti-rabies Vaccination Coverage (AVC) for dogs as control strategy. Responsible pet ownership places responsibility on dog owners to ensure routine vaccination. Anambra State has reported numerous dog bites and deaths. This study determined the AVC of dogs and barriers to Anti-Rabies Vaccination Services (AVS) uptake among dog owners.
a descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among dog owners in Anambra State. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted and 437 respondents recruited. Study instrument was Open Data Kit, interviewer administered semi structured questionnaire. Data was collected on mode of dog acquisition, classified into dog being purchased and dog not purchased, estimated cost of dog (< N10,000 and > N10,000), reasons for keeping dog (business and non-business purposes) and income level of dog owner (below or above minimum wage). Data was analyzed using epi-info version 7. Level of significance was set at 5%.
mean age of respondents was (47.2 ± 13.1) years. Males were 275 (62.9%) of respondents. 383 (87.6%) were employed and 349 (79%) completed secondary education. Anti-rabies vaccination coverage of dogs was 63.6% in the past 12 months. Sixty (52%) respondents reported far distance to veterinary clinic and 84(73%) reported high vaccine cost as major barriers to AVS uptake. On bivariate analysis, ever having heard of rabies (OR = 31.9, 95% CI = 9.7 - 104.9) keeping the dog for business purposes (OR = 11.7, 95% CI = 2.8 - 49.2), having one’s dogs valuing >10,000 Naira (OR = 11.0, 95% CI = 9.7 - 104.9), earning above minimum wage (OR = 5.0, 95% CI = 3.0 - 7.2) having purchased the dog (OR = 4.4, 95% CI = 2.5 - 7.6), having the dog movement restricted (OR = 4.3, 95% CI = 2.6 - 7.4), and ever been bitten by a dog (OR = 3.2, 95% CI = 1.7 - 6.2) were significantly associated with good AVS uptake. However, the significant predictors on logistic regression were having one’s dog being purchased (AOR = 3.1, 95% CI = 1.9 - 6.2) and ever having heard of rabies (AOR = 41.3, 95% CI = 7.9 - 216.2).
our study shows AVC is less than WHO recommended rate. Introduction of veterinary extension services, government subsidization of vaccine cost, increased sensitization on rabies and need to vaccinate dogs as well as exploring low cost options of vaccine delivery will improve AVS uptake.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)