Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Epidemiological and demographic profile of patients with Noma in Nigeria, 1999 - 2015

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 62. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.62.644

Submitted: 17 Jan 18   Accepted: 29 Jan 18   Published: 09 Apr 18

Key words: Cancrum oris, Noma, Nigeria

© Assad Hassan et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/62/abstract

Corresponding author: Assad Hassan, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (hssnassad@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Epidemiological and demographic profile of patients with Noma in Nigeria, 1999 - 2015

Assad Hassan1,&, Muhammad Balogun1, Mahmood Dalhat1

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Assad Hassan, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: Noma (Cancrum oris) is a severe acute gangrene of the tissues of the mouth and face that kills or disfigures its victims. Although rarely reported in developed countries, it is prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. The incidence in Nigeria is estimated at 6.4 per 1000 children. We described the epidemiology and demographic characteristics of Noma surgical patients in Nigeria from 1999 to 2015.

 

Methods: we conducted a retrospective descriptive study using two data sources. We obtained data on Noma surgical patients for 1999 - 2015 from Noma Children's Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria. Variables analyzed were age, sex, nationality, and location of patients. In addition, we reviewed the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey to identify demographic characteristics of location of patients.

 

Results: a total of 1,182 Noma surgical patients were reported with a mean age of 22.4 13.4 years. Those of age group 10 - 14 years were 209 (17.7%) and constituted majority of patients. Males were 670 (56.7%). Nigerians were 1170 (99.0%) out of which 909 (77.0%) came from five states. There is no access to improved drinking water in 78.1% of households in Kebbi. There is no practice of principles of infant and young child feeding in 99% of households in Zamfara. In Sokoto, 78.5% of females six years and above have no education. In Kano, 74.7% of children had not received measles immunization. In Katsina, 80.2% of households do not have soap and water for hand washing.

 

Conclusion: most patients came from five states in Northwest Nigeria. Northwest Nigeria has demographic risk factors that promote Noma. Access to safe drinking water, good child feeding practices, education of people to improve health seeking behavior, supplementary immunization and good oral and general hygiene should be improved in these areas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)