Epidemiological and demographic profile of patients with Noma in Nigeria, 1999
Assad Hassan1,&, Muhammad Balogun1, Mahmood Dalhat1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
Assad Hassan, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
Noma (Cancrum oris) is a severe acute gangrene of the tissues of the mouth
and face that kills or disfigures its victims. Although rarely reported in developed
countries, it is prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. The incidence in Nigeria is
estimated at 6.4 per 1000 children. We described the epidemiology and demographic
characteristics of Noma surgical patients in Nigeria from 1999 to 2015.
we conducted a retrospective descriptive study using two data sources. We obtained data on Noma surgical patients for 1999 - 2015 from Noma Children's Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria. Variables analyzed were age, sex, nationality, and location of patients. In addition, we reviewed the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey to identify demographic characteristics of location of patients.
a total of 1,182 Noma surgical patients were reported with a mean age of 22.4 ± 13.4 years. Those of age group 10 - 14 years were 209 (17.7%) and constituted majority of patients. Males were 670 (56.7%). Nigerians were 1170 (99.0%) out of which 909 (77.0%) came from five states. There is no access to improved drinking water in 78.1% of households in Kebbi. There is no practice of principles of infant and young child feeding in 99% of households in Zamfara. In Sokoto, 78.5% of females six years and above have no education. In Kano, 74.7% of children had not received measles immunization. In Katsina, 80.2% of households do not have soap and water for hand washing.
most patients came from five states in Northwest Nigeria. Northwest Nigeria has demographic risk factors that promote Noma. Access to safe drinking water, good child feeding practices, education of people to improve health seeking behavior, supplementary immunization and good oral and general hygiene should be improved in these areas.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)