Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Prevalence of Buruli ulcer in Osun State, Nigeria, 2016 - 2017

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 63. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.63.645

Submitted: 17 Jan 18   Accepted: 29 Jan 18   Published: 09 Apr 18

Key words: Buruli ulcer, prevalence, epidemiologic characteristics, neglected

© Oluyemi Aduke Ogundun et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/63/abstract

Corresponding author: Oluyemi Aduke Ogundun, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (adukeogundun@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Prevalence of Buruli ulcer in Osun State, Nigeria, 2016 - 2017

Oluyemi Aduke Ogundun1,&, John Ojo1, Olusola Abioye1, Folasade Bamidele1, Deji Gbadamosi2, Adebobola Bashorun1, Muhammad Balogun1, Elizabeth Adedire1, Adeleye Adeomi3

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Tuberculosis and Leprosy Unit, Ministry of Health, Osun State, Nigeria, 3Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Oluyemi Aduke Ogundun, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: Buruli ulcer (BU) is a chronic debilitating, neglected but treatable tropical diseases caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. Globally, it is the third most common mycobacterial infection in humans after tuberculosis and leprosy. There is paucity of data on the burden of BU in Nigeria. This study aimed to assess the magnitude and distribution of BU in Osun State, Nigeria.

 

Methods: we conducted a retrospective data review on BU active case search in six Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Osun State in the South-Western part of Nigeria from March 2016 to February 2017. The data were extracted from Global Leprosy Relief Association supported Nigeria BU project. We obtained information on age, sex, LGA, duration of illness, number, location and size of lesion using data collection proforma and descriptive analysis was done with SPSS version 20.

 

Results: there were a total of 36 cases of BU in a total population of 1,090,743; giving a crude prevalence of 3.3/100,000. Olorunda LGA has the highest (6.6/100,000) and Odo-Otin LGA with the least prevalence of (0.5/100,000). The mean age of the patients was 37.1 20.8 years, the mean duration of illness was 63.85 53.25 months, and majority 20 (55.6%) were females. Majority of the cases 29 (80.5%) consulted both traditional homes and hospitals for treatment. Commonest site (88.9%) of lesion was the lower limb and 7 (19.5%) of cases had more than one lesion. The clinical form of lesion for 28 (77.8%) of the cases was ulcers and 21 (58.3%) of them were positive for AFB. More than half (55.6%) had lesions ≤ 5cm in size (Category I), 14(38.9%) had lesion 6 - 15cm in size (Category II) while 2 (5.5%) had lesion ≥ 15cm in size (Category III lesion). Half (18) of the total cases presented with limitation of movement at diagnosis.

 

Conclusion: BU is still prevalent in Nigeria, as seen in Osun State. There is need to carry out a nation-wide survey to identify the endemic areas, and scale up control programme to cover all the LGAs in the state and the country.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)