Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

HIV sero-positivity among antenatal clinic attendees and their discordant partners in Lagos State, 2013 - 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 64. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.64.646

Submitted: 17 Jan 18   Accepted: 29 Jan 18   Published: 09 Apr 18

Key words: HIV, sero-discordance, partners

© Folasade Oluseye Fadare et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/64/abstract

Corresponding author: Folasade Oluseye Fadare, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (sade.fadare@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

HIV sero-positivity among antenatal clinic attendees and their discordant partners in Lagos State, 2013 - 2016

Folasade Oluseye Fadare1,&, Aishat Usman1, Adebobola Bashorun1, Patrick Nguku1

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Folasade Oluseye Fadare, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: Nigeria has the second largest number of people living with HIV (PLWH) (3.1 million) after South Africa (5.6 million) and accounts for 10% of the global HIV burden. Lagos State is one of the priority States in Nigeria with a high population (over 20 million). Sero-discordance applies when one partner of an intimate couple pairís HIV result is positive and other negative. A discordant status is particularly risky because regular coitus without condoms is more probable in stable long-term partnerships (married or cohabiting). The aim is to study the trends of HIV sero-positivity among antenatal clinic attendees and their discordant partners.

 

Methods: secondary data from the National Health Management Information System (NHMIS) was extracted through the District Health Information System (DHIS) platform, cleaned and analysed with Microsoft excel for frequency and proportion.

 

Results: in 2013 the HIV prevalence amongst ANC attendee in the health facilities of Lagos state was 2.83% with slight increase to 4.77% in 2014 and a decline to 2.77% and 1.88% in 2015 and 2016 respectively. In 2013 only 2.35% of women knew their HIV status at antenatal (ANC), the proportion increased slightly to 4.35% in 2014 with a decline to 2.54% and 1.69% in 2015 and 2016 respectively. There were 2300 (37.6%), 2347 (27.0%), 2314 (32.6%) and 1527 (35.6%) sero-discordant partners in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively. Of the sero discordant partners 1780, 1770, 1573 and 1276 were partners of HIV Positive women who tested Negative in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively. Also, of the sero discordant partners 520 (22.6%), 577 (24.6%), 741 (32%) and 251 (16.4%) were partners of HIV Negative pregnant women who tested HIV Positive for 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively.

 

Conclusion: the data revealed a decline in HIV prevalence among pregnant women in Lagos State; however HIV sero-discordant partners may be responsible for new paediatric infection within heterosexual transmission setting. We therefore recommend that couple counseling should be enforced during ANC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)