Tuberculosis infection control knowledge and practice by health care workers at national tuberculosis and leprosy training center, Zaria, North Western, Nigeria
Olusola Hassan Ajayi1,&, Ahmadu Isiyaku2, Muhamad Balogun1, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria, 2National Tuberculosis and Laboratory Training Centre, Zaria, Nigeria
Olusola Hassan Ajayi, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
tuberculosis (TB) is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa, multiplying the risk of transmission in the population and among health care providers. Nigeria was rated the fourth highest Tuberculosis (TB)-burden country in the world and number one in Africa, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Interactions between health care providers and patients with active TB increase the risk of TB infection among Healthcare providers and other patients. This study was carried out to assess the knowledge and practice of health care workers at the National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Training Centre, Zaria, Nigeria on Tuberculosis Infection Control.
a cross-sectional study was conducted between April and May, 2016. Eighty-two health workers across various cadres and units were included in the study. The health workers were selected by simple random sampling. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information. Data was entered into Epi-Info 7, cleaned and analyzed. Those with ≥ 60% score in knowledge and practice questions were considered to have good knowledge and practice. Frequency tables and cross tabulations were generated and a P-value < 0.05 was statistically significant for the study.
a total of 78 health workers participated in the study. The response rate was 95.0%. Sixty-one (78.2%) respondents have ever received training on TBIC. Among those who were trained, 90.2%, 95% CI (79.8%, 96.3%) were found to have good knowledge and 85.3%, 95% CI (73.8, 93.0%) with good practice of TBIC. Eighty-eight percent (88.0%) of those with ≥ 5 years of service had good knowledge and practice. Training was found to have a significant effect on TBIC knowledge, AOR 6.42 and 95% CI (1.78, 23.12) and practice AOR 10.34 (1.82, 58.71). Knowledge of TBIC also had a significant effect on good TBIC practice, AOR 5.15 and 95% CI (1.47, 18.12).
most of the HCWs had good TBIC knowledge and practice, but a significant fraction had never been trained on TBIC. Respondents trained on TBIC were found to be more knowledgeable than those not trained. Similarly, respondents with good TBIC knowledge were more likely to have good TBIC practice compared to those with poor TBIC knowledge.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)