Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Monitoring haematological indices in HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy in APIN/JUTH, Plateau State, Nigeria, 2011 - 2013

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 66. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.66.648

Submitted: 18 Jan 18   Accepted: 26 Jan 18   Published: 09 Apr 18

Key words: Haematological indices, HIV/AIDs patients, antiretroviral therapy, Nigeria

© Amarachi Joy Nwankiti et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/66/abstract

Corresponding author: Amarachi Joy Nwankiti, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (aejekwolu@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Monitoring haematological indices in HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy in APIN/JUTH, Plateau State, Nigeria, 2011 - 2013

Amarachi Joy Nwankiti1,&, Placid Ugoagwu2, Rabi Usman1, Obinna Nwankiti3, Patrick Nguku1

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Aids Prevention Initiative in Nigeria (APIN), Jos, Nigeria, 3National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Amarachi Joy Nwankiti, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: haematological abnormalities are common findings in later stages of Human Immune Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDs). These Haematological abnormalities which are common findings in later stages of the infection usually results from bone marrow defects and immune cytopenias thereby allowing life threatening opportunistic infections to thrive. We conducted this study to determine the trend of haematological indices of HIV/AIDs patients at diagnosis and 144th week visit.

 

Methods: a retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. Case records of 434 HIV/AIDs patients who presented at the APIN clinic from January, 2011 to December, 2013 were retrieved from the electronic patient data base.Variables extracted were socio-demographics, commencement of antiretroviral treatment and haematological tests. Data was entered in Microsoft excel and analyzed using Epi-info 7.2. Univariate analysis such as frequency and proportion were performed.

 

Results: a total of 72 (16.6%) patients had complete records of which 55(68.2%) were females. Age-groups, 31-40 years had the highest frequency of HIV/AIDs. A mean age of 41.2 10.3 was recorded. Civil servants 15 (20.8%) recorded the highest HIV/AIDs infection among other occupations taking antiretroviral drug. At presentation, 40 (55.6%) patients had anaemia however, the figure decreased to 19 (26.4%) after initiation of ART. 34 (38.8%) patients had neutropenia at diagnosis, and reduced to 28 (47.2%) on the 144th week. Leucocytes and platelets counts did not vary significantly from diagnosis to the 144th week of visit.

 

Conclusion: haematological dysfunctions in HIV patients exist more at presentation, than after the commencement of ART. A significant drop in the neutrophils and haemoglobin level occur in course of effective ART. Routine monitoring of some haematological indices are important in the management of HIV/AIDs patients.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)