Health-related quality of life of HIV patients with and without TB registered in a tertiary hospital in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria, 2017
Njideka Esther Kanu1,&, Charles Ibiene Tobin-West2
1Department of Community Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo, Nigeria, 2College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Njideka Kanu, Department of Community Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo, Nigeria
little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients who suffer from HIV and TB in Nigeria. This study was carried out to measure and compare the HRQOL of HIV patients with and without TB at the Anti-retroviral Clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, south-south, Nigeria.
a comparative cross-sectional study design and a simple random sampling method was used to recruit 144 HIV patients with TB and 144 HIV patients without TB. Information was collected on socio-demographic and socioeconomic variables, while their HRQOL was measured using the 26-item WHO Quality of Life instrument. Data was analyzed in Epi-info version 7 with frequencies, t-test and chi-square tests conducted.
in all, 144 HIV/AIDS patients with TB and 144 HIV/AIDS without TB participated. Females constituted 52% and 56% of HIV-only and HIV/TB co-infected groups respectively. Their mean ages were 36.03 ± 10.92 and 35.69 ± 10.28 years, respectively (p = 0.532). There were no significant differences in their demographic characteristic. HRQOL score ranged from 61.9 to 78.5 for HIV patients and 61.6 to 75.8 for the co-infected patients. The Global mean rating of QOL: HIV patients with TB (64.74 ± 14.36) had lower QOL than those without TB (68.27 ± 12.99) (t-test = 2.19; p = 0.029). Co-infected patients specifically had lower QOL in the physical (p = 0.016), psychological (p = 0.006) and global (p = 0.029) domains of QOL than HIV-only patients. The two groups did not differ significantly in the social and environmental domains (P > 0.05).
the co-morbid condition of HIV/TB significantly lowers the quality of life of sufferers. Attention should be focused on the medical and psycho-social management of HIV/TB co-infected patients in order to enhance their QOL.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)