Trends and patterns of pertussis morbidity and mortality in Bauchi State, Nigeria: 2011 - 2015
Garba Mustapha1,&, Adebola Olayinka1, Saheed Gidado1, Muhammad Balogun1, Jibrin Umar2
1Nigerian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Bauchi State Ministry of Health, Nigeria
Mustapha Garba, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
globally, there are estimated 16 million pertussis cases and about 195,000
deaths occur in children every year. Despite generally high coverage with childhood
pertussis vaccines globally, pertussis is one of the leading causes of vaccine-preventable
deaths worldwide. Most deaths occur in young babies who are either unvaccinated
or incompletely vaccinated. In Nigeria national estimate for DPT coverage in
2013 was 38% and state level coverage ranged from 3% - 76% across 20 Northern
states. Pentavalent vaccine was the most effective means of preventing Pertussis
and is given in three doses at 6 weeks, 10 weeks and 14 weeks of age. We analyzed
five-year pertussis morbidity and mortality trend from Bauchi State.
Bauchi State is situated in the north eastern geopolitical zone having 20 Local Government Areas. We retrieved and analyzed Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) monthly records of pertussis cases and deaths in Bauchi State over a five-year period (2011 - 2015). The IDSR data are collected from health facilities across the state by all the 20 LGA disease surveillance and notification officers routinely, and sent to the state where it is collated, analyzed and sent to the Federal Ministry of Health and other relevant stakeholders. Univariate analysis was carried out using Microsoft office excel to calculate rates.
occurrence of cases of pertussis in Bauchi State decline from an attack rate of 0.025% in 2011 to 0.005% in 2015. Highest number of cases was recorded between the months of October and September. Children age 12 - 59 months were the most affected followed by those aged 5 - 9 years, while neonates were the least affected and it has been observed that all age groups were affected. Pertussis death was only recorded in 2012 (CFR 0.3%) and 2014 (CFR 0.1%) out of the five years under review.
children 12 - 59 months are the most affected age group and pentavalent vaccine coverage is still low, we therefore recommended periodic catch up immunization with pentavalent vaccine to children older than one year of age.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)