Multi-sectoral road traffic injury surveillance and road safety campaign in Kaduna Metropolis, 2016 - Pilot study
Obafemi Joseph Babalola1,&, Chukwudi Ukpaka1, Saheed Gidado1, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria
Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria
road traffic injuries affect 50 million people globally with 90% of the 1.25 million deaths occuring in low and middle income countries (LMIC). LMIC'S often suffer from under-reporting and poor data quality contingent on solely tasking RTI surveillance to lead agency. We developed and tested the practicability of a multisectoral RTI surveillance in Kaduna metropolis Nigeria, where Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) collate and report RTI data.
we adapted Injury surveillance guidelines from WHO and CDC. Stakeholders defined a case of RTI as any person injured or killed within 30 days of exposure to RTI from a crash on public road in Kaduna Metropolis and selected five RTI reporting sites (three health facilities, Police and FRSC). Data collected with a pretested tool, linked by deterministic method to get a single dataset analysed with Epi-Info 7.1.
from February to July 2016, 667 road traffic crashes and 1062 injured people compared to 173 (26%) crashes and 183 (17%) injured reported by FRSC. Overall case fatality rate, 10.4%. Male preponderance was 84.0%, age group 25 - 34 years was 35.2%. Of the injured, 17.0% pedestrians, only 15.2% used helmet or safety belt and 44.2% evacuated by other road users. RTI injuries per week reduced from 59 to 14 (76.3%) during seat belt use sensitization. Associated factors with moderate to fatal injury were travelling between 00:00 - 11:59 hours (Odd Ratio (OR) 1.9, 95% Confidence Interval (C.I) = 1.4 - 2.5, 18:00 - 23:59 hours (OR 1.6, 95% C.I = 1.2 - 2.1) and being a driver at time of crash (OR 1.7, 95% C.I = 1.3 - 2.2).
a multi-sectoral RTI surveillance is practicable and yielded a robust evidence - based information rather than solely relying on FRSC data for action to reduce RTI in Kaduna metropolis. This was recommended in keeping with global push to achieve sustainable development goal (SDG) 3.6.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)