Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Prevalence of hypertension among patients with type 2 diabetes in Dutse, Jigawa State, 2015

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 74. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.74.703

Submitted: 02 Feb 18   Accepted: 02 Feb 18   Published: 09 Apr 18

Key words: Hypertension, type 2 diabetes, glycaemic control, Dutse

© et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/74/abstract

Corresponding author: (shafiudahiru@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Prevalence of hypertension among patients with type 2 diabetes in Dutse, Jigawa State, 2015

Shafi’u Dahiru Gumel1,&, Muhammad Balogun1, Patrick Nguku1, Abdullahi Mainasara2, Peter Anaja3, Abdulmumini Yakubu2, Haruna Yeldu4, Badamasi Musa5, Halliru Hassan6

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfadioyo University (UDU), Sokoto, Nigeria, 3Faculty of Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria, 4Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, UDU, Sokoto, 5State Primary Healthcare Development Agency, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria, 6Faculty of Basic Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano

 

 

&Corresponding author
Shafi’u Dahiru Gumel, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: preventing complications is of paramount importance in the management of patient diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. High blood pressure (hypertension) is a risk factor for various diabetic complications. About 22 percent of the world population suffered from hypertension. In 2014, Africa has the highest prevalence of hypertension (30% for both sexes). The American Diabetes Association describe the combination of hypertension and type 2 diabetes as a lethal condition that increases person’s risk of having a heart attack or stroke. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension among patients with type 2 diabetes.

 

Methods: we conducted a cross sectional study followed by a case-control study. For the cross sectional study, 385 type 2 diabetic patients attending Rasheed Shekoni Specialist Hospital, Dutse, were enrolled. For the case-control study, 80 patients were gender-matched with 80 controls. Probability sampling technique was used. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose (FBG) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) were measured. Multivariate analysis was done with confidence interval set at 95%.

 

Results: thirty five percent of the studied diabetics were hypertensive while only 23.75% of the controls were hypertensive. Mean FBG for the diabetic and control subjects were 9.32 and 4.18 mmol/L respectively. There was statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) between the mean systolic blood pressure of the diabetics (129mmHg) and that of the controls (121mmHg). Risk of being hypertensive was higher among the diabetics compared to the controls {OR = 1.7 (0.9 - 3.4)}. Age is effect modifier of this association (X2 = 4.1, p < 0.05). There was however, no evidence of effect modification by the length of the disease (diabetic duration) (p > 0.05). Furthermore, the risk of being hypertensive among the diabetic subject with poor glycaemic control was 1.4 times higher compared to that of those with good glycaemic control.

 

Conclusion: one third of the diabetic patients in North-western Nigeria is hypertensive. A vigilant blood pressure check, coupled with efficient glycaemic control is therefore important in management of type 2 diabetic patient especially in those that are above forty years of age.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)