Outbreak of measles in Lambu internally displaced personís camp, Maiduguri, Nigeria, March 2017
Taiwo Israel Olasoju1,&, Batula Daggash1, Bio Abaye1, Chibuike Enumah1, Salisu Isa1, Muhamed Bolori2
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2World Health Organization, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Taiwo Israel Olasoju, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
measles is a highly infectious disease caused by measles virus. In Nigeria, children are vaccinated against measles at the age of 9 months, and this has led to a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality. Despite this, Nigeria still ranks top among countries with endemic and uninterrupted transmission of measles infection yearly in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2011 alone, 18,843 measles cases were reported in the country. The study was done to confirm the existence of the outbreak, characterize the outbreak in terms of place, person and time and to identify the risk factors for the outbreak.
we conducted an unmatched case control study among children living in Lambu IDP Camp. We used pre-tested interviewer- administered structured questionnaire (78 in total) to collect information on demographic characteristics, socio-economic status, educational status and potential risk factors. We also did active case search in health facilities close to the Camp. Epidemic curve was drawn, odds ratio/ relative risks were also calculated at 95% confidence intervals using Epi info version 7.2. We also collected specimens from five cases and sent them to laboratory.
the first case was a 12-month-old girl. A total of 28 cases were recorded and the outbreak spanned over a period of about 3 weeks with multiple peaks during this period between February 13, 2017 and March 7, 2017. Median age was 48 months with age range of 6 to 180 months. 3 deaths were recorded (Case Fatality Rate, CFR 10.7%). Eighteen (64.3%) cases were within 12 - 59 months of age, 6 (21%) cases were within 5 - 9 years. Two (66.7%) deaths were under 5 years of age. Attack Rate (AR) was 4%. First mortality occurred on March 2, 2017. Leje ward recorded the highest number of cases (25), while Shamuri ward had the lowest figure.
the infection was introduced to the IDP camp by children with low or zero immunization coverage from hard to reach settlements. Reactive vaccination was administered to the children. We also did community sensitization.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)