Adherence to recommended lifestyle modification among patients with hypertension and diabetes attending the Federal Medical Center Katsina, Katsina State, Nigeria, 2016
Bello Ibrahim Umar1,&, Adamu Shehu2, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Bello Ibrahim Umar, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
hypertension and diabetes are among the major causes of morbidities that accounts for high number of complications and mortalities globally. Lifestyle modification is the cornerstone of management of Hypertension and Diabetes. This study was conducted to determine the knowledge, attitude and adherence to recommended lifestyle modification in management of hypertension and diabetes at the Federal Medical Center, Katsina.
we conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study among 385 hypertensive and diabetic patients on follow-up using systematic random sampling technique. Data on socio-demographic, knowledge, attitude and adherence of the respondents was obtained using semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaires. Questionnaire information was entered into Epi. Info, cleaned and analyzed to obtain frequencies, tables and charts. Knowledge, attitude and adherence responses were summarized, scored and categorized into poor and good for knowledge and positive and negative for attitude and adherence.
a total of 180 (468%) of the respondents were females. The mean age ± S.D. of the respondents was 51 ± 18.3. A total of 216 (56.0%) respondents have poor knowledge of recommended lifestyle modification, with 254 (66.0%) of the respondents have good attitude towards recommended life style modification factors and 358 (93.0%) having poor adherence to the recommendations. Females were twice as likely to have good knowledge [OR = 1.53, 95% CI (1.1 - 2.3)] and those age ≥ 41years were five times more unlikely to adhere to recommended lifestyle modification [OR = 4.95, 95% C.I (2.15 - 11.38)].
knowledge and adherence of the respondents was poor on recommended lifestyle modification factors on management of hypertension and diabetes, however about two third have good attitude toward recommended lifestyle modification factors in management of hypertension and diabetes.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)