Descriptive epidemiology of rape and sexual assault data, Kaduna State, Nigeria, 2013 - 2015
Lukman Ademola Lawal1,&, Ubong Okon1, Abisola Oladimeji1, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria
Lukman Ademola Lawal, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
globally, 7% of women experience non-partner sexual violence (SV) annually. Demonstrated consequences of SV include unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted infection and HIV, substance use and abuse, mental health issues, and injury. According to the 2013 National Demographic and Health Survey, 4.6 percent of Kaduna State women age 15 - 49 had ever experienced sexual violence; the highest in the northwest zone of Nigeria. This study aimed at describing the epidemiologic characteristics of reported sexual violence cases in Kaduna State, using the Police Department administrative records.
a secondary data analysis of reported sexual violence cases to the Kaduna State Police Command - Family Unit between years 2013 and 2015 was done. Variables extracted included age of survivor, location, status of perpetrators and type of injury sustained by victims. Data was enter, cleaned and analyzed using Epi info software.
a total of 90 cases of sexual violence were reported from nine of the 23 Local Government Areas within the period. A yearly increase in number of reported cases 24 (26.7%), 32 (35.6%) and 34 (37.8%) was observed from 2013 to 2015 respectively. Eighty two percent of the survivors were female. The median age (range) of survivors and perpetrators were 10years (3 - 20 years) and 26 years (10 - 80 years) respectively. The SVs reported were indecent assault 5 (5.6%), unnatural offence 8 (8.9%), attempted rape 20 (22.2%) and rape 57 (63.3%). Sixty-five (72%) of perpetrators were survivors. In 61 (67.8%) cases, a neighbor was the perpetrator of violence. Eighty-seven (96.7%) of cases received medical care received medical care and 56 (62.9%) survivors sustained injuries and laceration. There was no statistically significant association between the age of victims and relationship between victim and perpetrator.
in Kaduna State, reported sexual violence occur more frequently among children and youths with perpetrators usually well known to them. There is a need to enhance sexual violence awareness among parents and caregivers. We recommended that the state should carry out mass campaign on sexual violence awareness at community level.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)