Effect of health education on perception and uptake of cervical cancer screening services among female healthcare workers in Osun State
Dorcas Adeola Aderinwale1,&, Adedeji Onayade2, Abdullahi Musa3
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, 3African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Nigeria
Dorcas Adeola Aderinwale, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
cervical cancer is the leading genital tract malignancy and cause of cancer deaths among women in developing countries. A lack of effective screening programme aimed at detecting and treating precancerous condition is a key reason for the much higher incidence of cervical cancer in developing countries. This study was done to determine non- utilization of cervical cancer screening services among female health care workers.
this study was interventional employing quantitative and qualitative methods;
intervention consisted of structured health education. Multistage sampling technique
was used to select two LGAs; Atakumosa West and Orolu (Intervention and Control
groups respectively). A sample size of 100 per group was estimated; expected
prevalence of uptake of cervical cancer screening services of 19.3%, prevalence
of uptake of cervical screening from a previous study of 4.3%, a standard normal
deviate of 1.96, a margin of error of 5% and an attrition rate of 10%. Data
were collected using pre-tested, semi- structured self-administered questionnaires
and FGD guides. Data was analyzed using the SPSS version 22 for univariate and
bivariate analysis. Level of significance was p < 0.05.
post-intervention, there was statistically significant increase in the awareness of cervical cancer and screening in the intervention group (χ2 = 33.06, P < 0.001) while good knowledge of cervical cancer and screening also increased significantly (84.4%) compared to the baseline in the intervention group (p < 0.001) without significant change in the control group. Positive attitude towards cervical cancer screening was higher in the intervention group (76.7%) compared with the control group (53.9%) (p = 0.001) which was similar pre-intervention (48% and 41% respectively). There was however, no significant change in the utilization of cervical cancer screening services pre and post intervention in the intervention group (14% and 18%) and control group (12.4% and 16%). FGD findings on the main reason for non-utilization of cervical cancer screening services among the study and control groups is lack of awareness of the location for the screening and cost of the services.
health education is effective in improving knowledge and achieving positive attitude to cervical cancer screening services among female health care workers.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (email@example.com)