Surveillance data analysis on measles, Anambra State, Nigeria, 2011 - 2016
Obagha Emmanuel Chijioke1,&, Simeon Ajisegiri1, Belinda Uba2, Saheed Gidado2, Patrick Nguku1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Nigeria
Obagha Emmanuel Chijioke, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
measles is the leading cause of vaccine preventable deaths among children. Globally there were 134,200 Measles death in 2015. Vaccination resulted in a 79% drop in Measles deaths between 2000 and 2015 (WHO 2015). In Nigeria, there were 11,856 confirmed; 104 deaths (CFR, 0.41%), 9 - 59 months were most affected. 62.1 % zero dose (NCDC week 52 epidemiological report 2016). Measles is targeted for elimination and under case based surveillance with laboratory confirmation. We described the surveillance data and assessed the surveillance performance according to Measles surveillance indicators.
we conducted a descriptive retrospective review of measles surveillance data from 2011 - 2016. Data were extracted from integrated disease surveillance and response forms. Incidence was calculated using number of cases/projected population. We calculated frequencies and proportions.
a total of 2576 suspected case was reported during the period of which 13.4% (357) were Laboratory confirmed and 2% (52) confirmed by Epi linkage, 7 deaths (CFR 1.7%). Under 5 age group were the most affected (range: 36.4% - 86.9%). Peak year was 2013 with Incidence of 5/100,000 population. 241 (60%) of confirmed cases had zero vaccine dosage, 136 (34%) had one dose, 15 (3.8%) had 2 doses or more and 8 (2%) had unknown vaccination status. In 2016, the surveillance system did not meet the set target (> = 80%) for these indicators; specimen arriving laboratory (lab) within 3 days of collection (9%), lab results reported within 7 days of specimen receipt (39%), cases with adequate investigation initiated within 3 days of onset of rash (42.5%). This was also the case in 2014 and 2016.
the state is in line with the elimination target of < 5 cases/100,000 pop. There is still significant number of unvaccinated children and measles surveillance performance is not adequate.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)