Acute flaccid paralysis surveillance, Kano State, Nigeria: 2009 - 2015
Chinaka Chidinma Christana1,&, Musa Bawa1, Bonos Mohammad2, Imam Wada3, Lilian Okeke1, Muhammad Balogun1, Aderemi Kehinde4, Patrick Nguku1, Olufunmilayo Fawole4
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2World Health Organization, Kano State, Nigeria, 3Kano State Ministry of Health, Kano, Nigeria, 4College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Chinaka Chidinma Christana, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
the gold standard for detecting Poliomyelitis cases is by acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance. In August and October, 2016 Wild polio virus (WPV) type 1 and cVDPV2 were detected in Northern Nigeria. Hence there is need to close any gaps in the surveillance process. This study describes the epidemiology and trend of AFP/WPV, it also evaluates the AFP surveillance performance indicators in Kano State.
secondary data analysis of Kano State AFP surveillance data from January 2009 to December 2015 was carried out. Data were obtained from Kano State Ministry of Health-WHO database. Ethical clearance was obtained from Kano State Ministry of Health. Data was analyzed using Epi-info version 220.127.116.11.
overall, 4644 AFP cases were reported over the study period. After stool
analysis, 1058 cases were confirmed to be true AFP cases. Fifty six percent
of the AFP cases were males and 83% were less than five years of age. Most (69%)
of the cases received < 3 doses of Oral polio vaccine (OPV), while 30% were
zero dose. There was reduction in the number of AFP cases across the years from
321 cases in 2009 to 0 in 2015. WPV cases were 145 or 14%. There was increase
in the prevalence of WPV in March, May and July throughout the study period.
More cases (%) were reported from Ungogo local government area. Evaluation of
the performance indicators showed that the AFP surveillance system was not timely,
complete and Core IDSR indicators were unmet over the study period.
AFP/WPV was prevalent among male children less than 5 years, who had received < 3 doses of OPV. Kano State AFP surveillance system did not meet the target for some of its performance indicators. We recommended improvement on OPV immunization and the AFP surveillance system in the state.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)